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Last updated: 20 March 2019
Status:
Date:Thursday 11 March 1982
Time:13:27
Type:Silhouette image of generic DHC6 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300
Operator:Widerøes Flyveselskap
Registration: LN-BNK
C/n / msn: 568
First flight: 1977
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-27
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 13 / Occupants: 13
Total:Fatalities: 15 / Occupants: 15
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:6 km (3.8 mls) SE off Gamvik (   Norway)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Berlevåg Airport (BVG/ENBV), Norway
Destination airport:Mehamn Airport (MEH/ENMR), Norway
Flightnumber:WF933
Narrative:
Widerøe Flight 933 was a scheduled domestic service from Kirkenes Airport, Norway to Alta Airport, with intermediate stops at Vadsø Airport, Berlevåg Airport, Mehamn Airport and Honningsvåg Airport.
The Twin Otter left Berlevåg at 13:19 hours on the third leg of the flight. The first officer reported to Mehamn Aerodrome Flight Information Service (AFIS) at 13:22 that the aircraft was at 2,000 feet altitude over the Tanafjord and had an estimated time of arrival of 13:33. Mehamn AFIS radioed Flight 933 at 13:35, but received no answer. The aircraft failed to arrive at was declared missing.
The wreckage was located two days after the accident at a depth of 45 meters in the water off Gamvik, Norway.

The investigation into the cause of the accident concluded that the vertical stabilizer failed in flight in strong turblent wind conditions.

The accident occurred during a NATO military exercise, within a self-declared no-fly zone for allied military aircraft. A report in 1987 that radar had observed an unidentified aircraft which was on a collision course with the Twin Otter caused a second investigation to be started. It was concluded that the existence of other aircraft in the area could be ruled out; and that no other airborne objects could have caused the accident.
The debate about the accident resurfaced in 1997 when several sources claimed there was new or overlooked evidence of the involvement of NATO aircraft.
The Accident Investigation Board Norway (AIBN) decided in 1997 to investigate the new claims and concluded that there was no evidence to support these claims.
The accident was ordered investigated again in November 2002 after a retired Norwegian air traffic controller said one of the Harrier pilots, involved in a mission about the time of the accident, had requested an immediate landing because of technical problems. The report was published on 20 September 2005. It fully supported the findings of all three previous reports and found no evidence for an impact with a Harrier or any other aircraft.

Probable Cause:

ORIGINAL PROBABLE CAUSE: Overload due to a combination of clear air turbulence, local whirlwind, mountain wave and the pilots spontaneous improper actions.

Classification:
Turbulence
Tail failure
Loss of control

Photos

photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 LN-BNK
photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 LN-BNK
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Berlevåg Airport to Mehamn Airport as the crow flies is 47 km (29 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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DHC-6 Twin Otter

  • 930+ built
  • 84th loss
  • 60th fatal accident
  • 7th worst accident (at the time)
  • 35th worst accident (currently)
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 Norway
  • 10th worst accident (at the time)
  • 12th worst accident (currently)
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