Accident description
Last updated: 31 July 2014
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 17 March 1982
Time:08:10
Type:Airbus A300B4-203
Operator:Air France
Registration: F-BVGK
C/n / msn: 070
First flight: 1979-02-22 (3 years )
Total airframe hrs:9053
Cycles:3376
Engines: 2 General Electric CF6-50C2
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 13
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 111
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 124
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:San'a International Airport (SAH) (   Yemen)
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:San'a International Airport (SAH/ODSN), Yemen
Destination airport:Cairo International Airport (CAI/HECA), Egypt
Flightnumber: 125
Narrative:
While travelling at 95 knots during take-off, an explosion was felt, followed by shimmy and vibrations. The crew, thinking a tyre had exploded, aborted the take-off. The explosion was in fact caused by an uncontained failure of the stage 1 HP compressor disk of the no. 2 engine. Debris punctured the fuel tank, causing a fire on the right hand side of the aircraft. The propagation of a low cycle fatigue crack on one of the embossments of the disk rim caused the disk fracture.

CAUSES: "The accident directly resulted from the uncontained explosion of a first stage high pressure turbine disk of the right hand engine. The propagation of a low cycle fatigue crack on one of the embossments of the disk rim was at the origin of the disk fracture.
This cracks, which existed before, had not been detected during the inspection conducted in the operator's workshops, according to the method defined by the manufacturer and in accordance with the requirements of the airworthiness authority. The investigations showed that it was necessary, not only to reduce the intervals between the inspections of these disks and conduct two independent sequential inspections, but also to modify the design and make sure they were progressively replaced by the new type. It seems obvious that the limit life validation methods used at the time of the accident, were still insufficient, as far as the probability of non-detection of cracks was concerned."

Sources:


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from San'a International Airport to Cairo International Airport as the crow flies is 2077 km (1298 miles).

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Airbus A300

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  • 561 built
  • worst accident (at the time)
  • 12th worst accident (currently)
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 Yemen
  • 8th worst accident (at the time)
  • 13th worst accident (currently)
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