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Last updated: 16 December 2018
Status:
Date:Monday 28 November 1983
Time:11:13
Type:Silhouette image of generic F28 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fokker F-28 Fellowship 2000
Operator:Nigeria Airways
Registration: 5N-ANF
C/n / msn: 11090
First flight: 1975-02-10 (8 years 10 months)
Total airframe hrs:10618
Cycles:14149
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 51 / Occupants: 66
Total:Fatalities: 53 / Occupants: 72
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:3,3 km (2.1 mls) from Enugu Airport (ENU) (   Nigeria)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Lagos/Ikeja International Airport (LOS/DNMM), Nigeria
Destination airport:Enugu Airport (ENU/DNEN), Nigeria
Narrative:
A Fokker F-28 Fellowship 2000 passenger jet, registered 5N-ANF, was damaged beyond repair in an accident 3,3 km from Enugu Airport (ENU), Nigeria. There were 66 passengers and six crew members on board. The airplane operated on a Nigeria Airways flight from Lagos/Ikeja International Airport (LOS) to Enugu Airport (ENU).
A VOR approach was attempted although the airport visibility was reported to be below minima. While first maintaining MDA at or below 300 ft above local terrain and apparently manoeuvring to regain track while passing the VOR, the aircraft was suddenly made to descend, less than two miles short of the threshold. The aircraft was still in approach configuration. At initial impact, which was in a nearly level attitude in flat terrain covered with high grass, the landing gears were torn off or collapsed. The aircraft then slid on its belly, while shedding pieces, into a cassavaterrain consisting of a regular pattern of mounds of about 1 metre high and some trees. One of these trees cut the left wing slightly outboard of the root collector tank and the wing separated further on. The left engine and nacelle were torn off as well, including a large piece of side wall, floor structure and aft pressure bulkhead. Aft fuselage and empennage further separated behind the pressure bulkhead. In view of the damage to the aft fuselage parts, it is likely that the aircraft travelled in a taildown nose-high attitude during some part of the ground slide.
The front fuselage bottom was severely compressed, the cargo holds were ruptured and their contents dispersed. Due to the right wing trailing on the mounds and hitting some smaller trees, the final slide relative to the fuselage was sideward to the left.
A fire erupted at the separated wing and engine and gradually made its way towards the fuselage remains.

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:
» A Benefit Analysis for Cabin Water Spray Systems and Enhanced Fuselage Burnthrough Protection (CAA PAPER 2002/04)
» Willem Wendt
» The Evening Independent - Nov 28, 1983


Photos

photo of Fokker F-28 Fellowship 2000 5N-ANF
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lagos/Ikeja International Airport to Enugu Airport as the crow flies is 466 km (291 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Fokker F-28

  • 241 built
  • 18th loss
  • 13th fatal accident
  • 3rd worst accident (at the time)
  • 5th worst accident (currently)
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 Nigeria
  • 4th worst accident (at the time)
  • 11th worst accident (currently)
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