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Accident
Last updated: 20 October 2017
Status:Definitief
Datum:zondag 18 december 1983
Tijd:19:38
Type:Silhouette image of generic A30B model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A300B4-120
Vloog voor:Malaysian Airlines System - MAS
Gehuurd van:Scandinavian Airlines System - SAS
Registratie: OY-KAA
Constructienummer: 122
Bouwjaar: 1980-10-07 (3 years 2 months)
Aantal vlieguren:3907
Motoren: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-59A
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 14
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 233
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 247
Schade: Afgeschreven
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:1,2 km (0.8 mijl) van Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport (KUL) (   MaleisiŽ)
Fase: Nadering (APR)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Singapore-Changi International Airport (SIN/WSSS), Singapore
Vliegveld van aankomst:Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport (KUL/WMKK), MaleisiŽ
Vluchtnummer:MH684
Beschrijving:
Flight MH684 took off from Singapore at 18:53 for a flight to Kuala Lumpur. Approaching Kuala Lumpur, the aircraft was cleared for an ILS runway 15 approach. At 19:20 RVR was 450 m in heavy rain showers. Though below the company minimum of 800 m, the captain elected to continue the approach, hoping to see the runway. The captain took over control from the first officer, shortly before entering an area of heavy rain showers. Immediately after selecting the windscreen wipers 'on', the radio altimeter sounded. Less then 30 seconds later, the Airbus contacted some trees 2 km short of the runway and the right main gear struck the ground and continued for 436 m. The aircraft then lifted off for 36 m before striking a stream embankment and it slid for 109 m before coming to rest, 1200 m short of the runway. The landing gear and both engines were torn off and a fire erupted, destroying the cabin and cockpit roof.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The flight crew's failure to follow procedural requirements coupled with insufficient monitoring during the approach in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) and that the approach was continued to below the minimum descent altitude (MDA) without having positive visual references."

Bronnen:
» ICAO Circular 196-AN/119 (142-156)
» International Journal of Aviation Safety, Sept. 1985 (218-220)


Foto's

photo of Airbus A300B4-120 OY-KAA
A300 'Stig Viking' prior to its lease to MAS
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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Singapore-Changi International Airport en Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport bedraagt 296 km (185 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkís opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Airbus A300

  • 561 built
  • 2e ongeval
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 MaleisiŽ
  • 29e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 41e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile