Accident description
Last updated: 28 November 2014
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 2 August 1984
Time:08:05
Type:Silhouette image of generic BN2P model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander
Operator:Vieques Air Link
Registration: N589SA
C/n / msn: 38
First flight: 1968
Engines: 2 Lycoming O-540-E4C5
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Passengers:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Total:Fatalities: 9 / Occupants: 9
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:off Vieques (   Puerto Rico)
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Vieques Airport (VQS/TJCG), Puerto Rico
Destination airport:Saint Croix-Alexander Hamilton Airport (STX/TISX), U.S. Virgin Islands
Narrative:
The Islander was overloaded by 600-700 pounds when it departed Vieques. Also, it's centre of gravity was up to 5 inches behind the aft limit. After takeoff the left engine lost power. It lost altitude, banked abruptly to the left, nosed down and crashed into the ocean. It appeared that the fuel had been contaminated with water.

PROBABLE CAUSE:
emergency procedure - improper - pilot in command
airspeed(Vmc) - not maintained - pilot in command
CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:
procedures/directives - not followed - company/operator management
inadequate surveillance of operation - faa(organization)
qualification - pilot in command
aircraft weight and balance - improper - pilot in command
maintenance,service of aircraft/equipment - improper - ground personnel
aircraft preflight - inadequate - pilot in command
lack of total experience in kind of aircraft - pilot in command
fluid,fuel - water
inadequate training - company/operator management

Sources:
» BAAA-ACRO
» NTSB
» Thomas Brügge
» World Directory of Airliner Crashes


Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 7 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Vieques Airport to Saint Croix-Alexander Hamilton Airport as the crow flies is 87 km (55 miles).

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