Accident description
Last updated: 27 November 2014
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 18 June 1986
Time:09:33 MST
Type:Silhouette image of generic DHC6 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Vista Liner 300
Operator:Grand Canyon Airlines
Registration: N76GC
C/n / msn: 248
First flight: 1969
Total airframe hrs:30569
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-27
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 18 / Occupants: 18
Total:Fatalities: 20 / Occupants: 20
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 5
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Grand Canyon National Park, AZ (   United States of America)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Grand Canyon-National Park Airport, AZ (GCN/KGCN), United States of America
Destination airport:Grand Canyon-National Park Airport, AZ (GCN/KGCN), United States of America
Flightnumber: 6
Narrative:
The DHC-6 took off from Grand Canyon runway 21 at 08:55 for a 50-minutes air tour over Grand Canyon national Park. At 09:13 a Helitech Bell 206B JetRanger (N6TC) took off from a heliport near Tusayan for a 30-minutes air tour.
Both aircraft collided in the area of the Tonto Plateau, at an altitude of 6500 feet msl. The Bell main rotor blade struck and severed the DHC-6's nosegear. The opposite blade of the Bell struck the aft portion of the fuselage of the DHC-6.
A fuel cell of the Vista Liner was ruptured, creating a vaporous cloud of fuel. The rotor head of the Bell 206 separated and debris from the disintegrating rotor blade struck the left side and tail of the DHC-6. The tail separated, causing the DHC-6 to lose control and pitch over. The aircraft struck the ground in an inverted attitude and the helicopter free-fell to the ground following the rotor blade separation.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The failure of the flight crew of both aircraft to 'see and avoid' each other for undetermined reasons.
Contributing to the accident was the failure of the Federal Aviation Administration to exercise its oversight responsibility over flight operations in the Grand Canyon scenic air tour operators. Also contributing to the accident was the modification and configuration of the routes of the rotary-wing operators resulting in their intersecting with the routes of Grand Canyon Airlines near Crystal Rapids."

Classification:
Mid air collision
Loss of control

Sources:
» ICAO Circular 245-AN/147
» NTSB/AAR-87/03

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - United States of America
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-87-03
report released:24-JUL-1987
duration of investigation:401 days (1 year 1.2 months)
download report: Grand Canyon Airlines, Inc., and Helitech, Inc., Midair Collision over Grand Canyon National Park June 18, 1986. (NTSB/AAR-87-03)
cover

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 3 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Vista Liner 300 N386EX
This Twin Otter was sold to Grand Canyon Airlines May 1982 and re-registered N76GC February 1983
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Grand Canyon-National Park Airport, AZ to Grand Canyon-National Park Airport, AZ as the crow flies is 0 km (0 miles).

languages: English Franšais Nederlands Deutsch Espanol

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DHC-6 Twin Otter

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 United States of America
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