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Last updated: 24 June 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:dimanche 16 août 1987
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic MD82 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-82 (MD-82)
Compagnie:Northwest Airlines
Immatriculation: N312RC
Numéro de série: 48090/1040
Année de Fabrication: 1981
Heures de vol:14928
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-217
Equipage:victimes: 6 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 148 / à bord: 149
Total:victimes: 154 / à bord: 155
Victimes au sol:victimes: 2
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI (DTW) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: Au décollage (TOF)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI (DTW/KDTW), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Phoenix-Sky Harbor International Airport, AZ (PHX/KPHX), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol:NW255
Northwest Flight 255 departed Saginaw for a flight to Detroit, Phoenix and Santa Ana, arriving at Detroit (DTW) at 19:42. Pushback for departure was accomplished at 20:34 and the crew received taxi instructions for runway 3C. During the taxi out, the captain missed the turnoff at taxiway C and new taxi instructions were given. At 20:42 Flight 255 was told to taxi into position on runway 3C and hold, followed by a takeoff clearance two minutes later. Shortly after rotation the stick shaker (stall warning) activated. The aircraft rolled left and right and the left wing struck a light pole in a car rental lot. Flight 255 continued to roll to the left, continued across the car lot, struck a light pole in a second rental car lot and struck the side wall of the roof in a 90deg left wing down attitude. The plane was still rolling to the left when it impacted the ground on a road outside the airport boundary and continued to slide along the road, striking a railroad embankment, disintegrating and bursting into flames.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The flight crew's failure to use the taxi checklist to ensure that the flaps and slats were extended for take-off. Contributing the accident was the absence of electrical power to the airplane take-off warning system which thus did not warn the flight crew that the airplane was not configured properly for take-off. The reason for the absence of electrical power could not be determined."

Accident investigation:
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - United States of America
status: Final
number: NTSB/AAR-88-05
released:10 May 1988
duration: 268 days (9 months)
download report: Northwest Airlines, Inc., McDonnell Douglas DC-9-82, N312RC, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Romulus, Michiga (NTSB/AAR-88-05)

» NTSB/AAR-88/05

Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 8 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations


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Flight path and cvr extracts
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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI et Phoenix-Sky Harbor International Airport, AZ est de 2665 km (1666 miles).

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