Accident
Last updated: 21 April 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:dimanche 26 juin 1988
Heure:14:45
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-111
Compagnie:Air France
Immatriculation: F-GFKC
Numéro de série: 009
Année de Fabrication: 1988-01-06 (6 months)
Heures de vol:22
Cycles:18
Moteurs: 2 CFMI CFM56-5A1
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 3 / à bord: 130
Total:victimes: 3 / à bord: 136
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport (   France) show on map
Phase de vol: En montée initiale (ICL)
Nature:Démonstration
Aéroport de départ:Basel/Mulhouse-EuroAirport (BSL/LFSB), France
Aéroport de destination:Basel/Mulhouse Airport (BSL/LFSB), France
Numéro de vol: 296Q
Détails:
The newly delivered Airbus A.320 was to perform for Air Charter a series of flights on behalf of the Mulhouse Flying Club. The crew were to overfly Mulhouse-Habsheim airport two times (first at low speed, gear down at 100 feet and the other at high speed in clean configuration) as part of an airshow.
The aircraft took off from Basle-Mulhouse (BSL) at 14:41 and climbed to 1000 feet agl. The crew started the descent three minutes later and Habsheim was in sight at 450 feet agl. The first officer informed the captain that the aircraft was reaching 100 feet at 14:45:14. The descent continued to 50 feet 8 seconds later and further to 30-35 feet. Go-around power was added at 14:45:35. The A.320 continued and touched trees at the end of the runway at 14:45:40 with a 14 deg. pitch attitude and engine speed being 83% N1. The plane sank slowly into the forest and a fire broke out.


PROBABLE CAUSES: "The Commission believes that the accident resulted from the combination of the following conditions: 1) very low flyover height, lower than surrounding obstacles; 2) speed very slow and reducing to reach maximum possible angle of attack; 3) engine speed at flight idle; 4) late application of go-around power. This combination led to impact of the aircraft with the trees. The Commission believes that if the descent below 100 feet was not deliberate, it may have resulted from failure to take proper account of the visual and aural information intended to give the height of the aircraft."

Sources:
» Final report concerning the accident which occured on June 26th 1988 at Mulhouse-Habsheim (68) to the Airbus A320, registered F-GFKC / Ministry of Planning, Housing, Transport and Maritime Affairs
» ICAO Adrep Summary 3/88 (#2)

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses (BEA) - France
report status: Final
report number: Report f-kc880626
download report: Report f-kc880626
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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Basel/Mulhouse-EuroAirport et Basel/Mulhouse Airport est de NAN km (NAN miles).

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