Accident description
Last updated: 24 April 2014
Status:
Date:Wednesday 17 August 1988
Type:Lockheed C-130B Hercules
Operator:Pakistan Air Force
Registration: 23494
C/n / msn: 3708
First flight: 1962
Engines: 4 Allison T56-A-7
Crew:Fatalities: 13 / Occupants: 13
Passengers:Fatalities: 17 / Occupants: 17
Total:Fatalities: 30 / Occupants: 30
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:7 km (4.4 mls) N of Bahawalpur Airport (BHV) (   Pakistan) show on map
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Military executive
Departure airport:Bahawalpur Airport (BHV/OPBW), Pakistan
Destination airport:Islamabad International Airport (ISB/OPRN), Pakistan
Narrative:
Pakistani president General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq had witnessed a tank inspection at Bahawalpur. The president and his entourage, which consisted a.o. of several senior army generals and the American Ambassador to Pakistan, were returning to Islamabad in a C-130 Hercules.
The airplane crashed shortly after takeoff and caught fire. All aboard were killed.
Many theories indicated that the accident was caused by sabotage. In 2008 newspaper The Times reported that, back in 1988, an analysis by a US lab found "extensive contamination" by brass and aluminium particles in the elevator booster package. This may have caused sluggish controls leading to overcontrol. This in turn may have led to the pilots losing control at low altitude soon after takeoff.


Sources:
» As Pakistan comes full circle, a light is shone on Zia ul-Haq's death (The Times, 16-8-2008)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bahawalpur Airport to Islamabad International Airport as the crow flies is 489 km (306 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkĺs opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Lockheed C-130

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  • 14th worst accident (at the time)
  • 25th worst accident (currently)
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 Pakistan
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