Crash-aerien 31 AUG 1988 d'un Hawker Siddeley HS-121 Trident 2E B-2218 - Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG)
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Statuts:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:mercredi 31 aot 1988
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic TRID model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Hawker Siddeley HS-121 Trident 2E
Immatriculation: B-2218
Numéro de série: 2159
Année de Fabrication: 1973
Heures de vol:14332
Moteurs: 3 Rolls-Royce Spey 512-5W
Equipage:victimes: 6 / à bord: 11
Passagers:victimes: 1 / à bord: 78
Total:victimes: 7 / à bord: 89
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG) (   Hong-Kong)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Guangzhou-Baiyun Airport (CAN/ZGGG), Chine
Aéroport de destination:Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG/VHHH), Hong-Kong
Numéro de vol: 301
A Hawker Siddeley HS-121 Trident 2E passenger jet, registered B-2218, was damaged beyond repair in a landing accident at Kowloon Bay, Hong Kong. There were 78 passengers and seven crew members crew members on board. The airplane operated on CAAC flight 301 from Guangzhou-Baiyun Airport (CAN) to Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport (HKG).
As the aircraft neared runway 31 the right outboard trailing edge wing flap struck the innermost approach light and the right main landing gear tyres hit the facing edge of the runway promontory. The right main gear was torn from the wing. The aircraft became airborne again and next contacted the ground 600 metres down the runway. It then veered off the runway to the right, yawed to the right and slid diagonally sideways across the grassed runway strip. The nosewheel and left main gear collapsed, and the aircraft continued until it crossed the parallel taxiway and slid sideways over the edge of the promontory into Kowloon Bay. The aircraft came to rest in the water with the rear extremity of the fuselage supported on a ledge of stone blocks that jutted out from the promontory. Part of the forward fuselage, including the flight compartment, was partially detached from the remainder of the fuselage and hung down at a steep angle into the water from control cables and secondary structure. A fire started in the centre engine intake duct.
Weather at the time of the accident was poor including rain and fog with 450 m visibility.

Probable Cause:

CAUSE: "There was insufficient evidence to determine the cause of the accident.
It appears probable that, having converted to visual references at some point prior to Decision Height, the commander elected to continue the approach despite the fact that heavy rain had caused a sudden marked deterioration in the visual references in the final stages.
There was no conclusive evidence that the aircraft encountered significant windshear on the approach, but given the meteorological conditions that existed at the time it cannot be ruled out, and therefore windshear may have been a contributory factor in destabilising the approach."

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: CAD Hong Kong
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 9 months
Accident number: AAR 1-90
Download report: Final report

» A Benefit Analysis for Cabin Water Spray Systems and Enhanced Fuselage Burnthrough Protection (CAA PAPER 2002/04)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 4/88 (#25)

Opérations de secours

CAD Hong Kong issued 14 Safety Recommendations

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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Guangzhou-Baiyun Airport et Hong Kong-Kai Tak International Airport est de 134 km (84 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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