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Criminal Occurrence
Last updated: 20 October 2017
Estado:Final
Fecha:miércoles 21 diciembre 1988
Hora:19:03
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic B741 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-121A
Operador:Pan American World Airways (Pan Am)
Registración: N739PA
Numéro de série: 19646/15
Año de Construcción: 1970-01-25 (18 years 11 months)
Horas Totales de la Célula:72464
Ciclos:16497
Motores: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7A
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 16 / Ocupantes: 16
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 243 / Ocupantes: 243
Total:Fatalidades: 259 / Ocupantes: 259
Víctimas en Tierra:Fatalidades: 11
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:Lockerbie (   Reino Unido)
Fase: En ruta (ENR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Internacional Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:London-Heathrow Airport (LHR/EGLL), Reino Unido
Aeropuerto de Llegada:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), Estados Unidos de América
Número de Vuelo:PA103
Descripción:
Flight PA103 departed London-Heathrow runway 27R for New York at 18:25. The aircraft levelled off at FL310, 31 minutes later. At 19:03 Shanwick Oceanic Control transmitted an oceanic clearance. At that time an explosion occurred in the aircraft's forward cargo hold at position 4L. The explosive forces produced a large hole in the fuselage structure and disrupted the main cabin floor. Major cracks continued to propagate from the large hole while containers and items of cargo ejected through the hole, striking the empennage, left- and right tail plane. The forward fuselage and flight deck area separated when the aircraft was in a nose down and left roll attitude, peeling away to the right at Station 800. The nose section then knocked the no. 3 engine off its pylon. The remaining aircraft disintegrated while it was descending nearly vertically from 19000 feet to 9000 feet. A section of cabin floor and baggage hold (from approx. Station 1241-1920) fell onto housing at Rosebank Terrace, Lockerbie. The main wing structure struck the ground with a high yaw angle at Sherwood Crescent, Lockerbie causing a massive fire.
The Semtex bomb which caused the explosion had probably been hidden in a radio cassette player and was transferred to PA103 from a Pan Am Boeing 727 flight, arriving from Frankfurt.
After a three-year joint investigation by the Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary and the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation indictments for murder were issued on November 13, 1991, against Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, a Libyan intelligence officer and the head of security for Libyan Arab Airlines (LAA), and Lamin Khalifah Fhimah, the LAA station manager in Luqa Airport, Malta. United Nations sanctions against Libya and protracted negotiations with the Libyan leader Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi secured the handover of the accused on April 5, 1999.
On January 31, 2001, Megrahi was convicted of murder by a panel of three Scottish judges, and sentenced to 27 years in prison. Fhimah was acquitted.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The in-flight disintegration of the aircraft was caused by the detonation of an improvised explosive device located in a baggage container positioned on the left side of the forward cargo hold at aircraft station 700."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 8 months
Accident number: AAIB AAR 2/90
Download report: Final report

Fuentes:
» Air Safety Week 12.4.1993 (p. 3)
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 2.1.89 (28-32)
» ICAO Circular 260-AN/154 (p.133-188)


Subsiguiente / acciones de seguridad

AAIB issued 5 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Fotos

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photo of Boeing 747-121A N739PA
photo of Boeing 747-121A N739PA
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from London-Heathrow Airport to New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY as the crow flies is 5499 km (3437 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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