Narrative:The Boeing, named "Thomas Haywood", was less than half loaded with textiles, computer software and mail when it departed Singapore. Approaching Kuala Lumpur, the crew were cleared to route direct to the Kayell (KL) beacon for a runway 33 approach. While on the NDB approach, the crew were cleared to "...descend two four zero zero..." which was interpreted by the crew as "...to 400...". The aircraft descended below minimum altitude and crashed into a hillside at 600 feet/180m msl just before reaching the Kayell NDB, where minimum descent height was 2400 feet. The Boeing hit treetops and started to break up until bursting into flames.
|Date:||Sunday 19 February 1989|
|Operator:||Flying Tiger Line|
|C/n / msn:|| 21828/408|
|First flight:|| 1979-11-01 (9 years 4 months)|
|Total airframe hrs:||34000|
|Engines:|| 4 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7Q|
|Crew:||Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4|
|Passengers:||Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0|
|Total:||Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4 |
|Airplane damage:|| Written off|
|Airplane fate:|| Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Location:||12 km (7.5 mls) from Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport (KUL) (Malaysia)
|Phase:|| Approach (APR)|
|Departure airport:||Singapore-Changi International Airport (SIN/WSSS), Singapore|
|Destination airport:||Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport (KUL/WMKK), Malaysia|
PROBABLE CAUSE: Non-standard phraseology was used by Kuala Lumpur ATC, causing the crew to misinterpret the instructions.
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 27.02.89 (24)
» Flight International 17-12.01.1990 (p.44)
» ICAO Adrep Summary
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from Singapore-Changi International Airport to Kuala Lumpur Subang International Airport as the crow flies is 296 km (185 miles).
This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkĺs opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.