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Accident description
Last updated: 29 April 2017
Date:Friday 10 March 1989
Type:Silhouette image of generic F28 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000
Operator:Air Ontario
Registration: C-FONF
C/n / msn: 11060
First flight: 1972-11-06 (16 years 4 months)
Total airframe hrs:20852
Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce Spey 555-15
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 21 / Occupants: 65
Total:Fatalities: 24 / Occupants: 69
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Dryden Municipal Airport, ON (YHD) (   Canada)
Crash site elevation: 413 m (1355 feet) amsl
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Dryden Municipal Airport, ON (YHD/CYHD), Canada
Destination airport:Winnipeg International Airport, MB (YWG/CYWG), Canada
At 11:55 EST Flight 1363 departed Thunder Bay about one hour behind schedule. The aircraft landed at Dryden at 11:39 CST. The aircraft was being refuelled with one engine running, because of an unserviceable APU. Although a layer of 1/8-1/4 inch of snow had accumulated on the wings, no de-icing was done because de-icing with either engine running was prohibited by both Fokker and Air Ontario. Since no external power unit was available at Dryden, the engines couldn't be restarted in case of engine shutdown on the ground.
At 12:09 CST the aircraft started it's takeoff roll using the slush-covered runway 29. The Fokker settled back after the first rotation and lifted off for the second time at the 5700 feet point of the 6000 feet runway. No altitude was gained and the aircraft mushed in a nose-high attitude, striking trees. The aircraft crashed and came to rest in a wooded area, 3156 feet past the runway end and caught fire.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: After a 20-month investigation, it was concluded that "Captain Morwood, as the pilot-in-command, must bear responsibility for the decision to land and take off in Dryden on the day in question. However, it is equally clear that the air transportation system failed him by allowing him to be placed in a situation where he did not have all the necessary tools that should have supported him in making the proper decision."

Accident investigation:
investigating agency: Commission of Inquiry - Canada
status: Final
number: -
released:27 March 1992
duration of investigation: 3 years
download report: Commission of Inquiry into the Air Ontario Crash at Dryden, Ontario (Canada) (CoI -)

Loss of control

» Aviation Week & Space Technology 30.03.1992(30)
» Beyond aviation human factors / Maurino [et al.] p. 57-85
» ICAO Adrep Summary 3/89 (#18)
» ICAO Journal Sept. 1995 p. 14-17, 26


photo of Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAR
TC-JAR flew for THY until 1987 and was sold to Canada by TAT in 1988.
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Dryden Municipal Airport, ON to Winnipeg International Airport, MB as the crow flies is 320 km (200 miles).

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Fokker F-28

  • 21st loss
  • 16th fatal accident
  • 241 built
  • 11th worst accident (at the time)
  • 16th worst accident (currently)
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  • 16th worst accident (at the time)
  • 17th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile