Accident
Last updated: 1 November 2014
Estado:Final
Fecha:lunes 10 abril 1989
Hora:21:07
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fairchild FH-227B
Operado por:Europe Aero Service - EAS
Alquilado a :Uni-Air International
Registración: F-GGDM
Numéro de série: 532
Año de Construcción: 1966
Horas Totales de la Célula:27249
Ciclos:39128
Motores: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 3 / Ocupantes: 3
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 19 / Ocupantes: 19
Total:Fatalidades: 22 / Ocupantes: 22
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:Léoncel (   Francia) show on map
Elevación del lugar del accidente: 1260 m (4134 feet) amsl
Fase: Aproximación (APR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Doméstico No Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Paris-Orly Airport (ORY/LFPO), Francia
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Valence-Chabeuil Airport (VAF/LFLU), Francia
Número de Vuelo: 602
Descripción:
EAS Flight 602 took off from Paris at 19:55 for a flight to Valance. The aircraft proceeded to Valence at FL130. At 20:43 the flight passed the Lespi intersection and continued on a 133deg heading to the VNE VOR. At 20:49 the aircraft was cleared to descend to FL70 and FL60 when approaching VNE VOR. At 20:56 the FH-227 passed the VNE VOR and was to head 178deg for Valence. The aircraft however continued on a 155deg heading. The heading was changed to 178deg at 21:04. At 21:07 the aircraft struck a mountain (Col de Tourniol) at 1260m.

PROBABLE CAUSE (translated from original French language report): "The accident is the direct result of a navigational error. This error had the direct causes:
1) the display and use the VOR LSA instead of VNE;
2) an insufficiency in the mental representation of the path of the aircraft despite other available information.
Moreover, the lack of rigor in the division of work in their execution and in the mutual control are contributing factors.
The Committee also noted that the following facts have facilitated the development of a critical situation:
1) documentation of the crew used for navigation and organization of the dashboard of the plane could be sources of error,
2) the organization of the airspace in the region of Valence did not allow optimal use of existing radar;
3) the tasks of the crew were not defined by the operator;
4) the co-pilot had a moderate but significant blood alcohol level."

Fuentes:
» ICAO Circular 262-AN/156 (102-109) Commission d'Enquete sur l'accident survenu le 10 avril 1989 pres de Valence, commune de Léoncel (26), à l'avion FH227, immatriculé F-GGDM, exploité par la compagnie Uni-Air International

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses (BEA) - France
report status: Final
report number: Report f-dm890410
download report: Report f-dm890410
cover

Fotos

photo of Fairchild FH-227B F-GGDM
Memorial on the top of the 'Col de Tourniol'
photo of Fairchild FH-227B F-GGDM
F-GGDM pictured here just three days before the accident.
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Paris-Orly Airport to Valence-Chabeuil Airport as the crow flies is 464 km (290 miles).

languages: English Français Nederlands Deutsch Espanol

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Fairchild FH-227

  • 14th loss
  • 78 built
  • 9th worst accident (a la hora)
  • 10th worst accident (actualmente)
safety profile

 Francia
  • 25th worst accident (a la hora)
  • 27th worst accident (actualmente)
»safety profile