Accident
Last updated: 28 November 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:dimanche 3 septembre 1989
Heure:20:45
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B732 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-241
Compagnie:Varig
Immatriculation: PP-VMK
Numéro de série: 21006/398
Année de Fabrication: 1975-02-07 (14 years 7 months)
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17A
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 13 / à bord: 48
Total:victimes: 13 / à bord: 54
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:60 km (37.5 milles) de São José do Xingu, MT (   Brésil) show on map
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Marabá Airport, PA (MAB/SBMA), Brésil
Aéroport de destination:Belém/Val-de-Cans International Airport , PA (BEL/SBBE), Brésil
Numéro de vol: 254
Détails:
A Varig Boeing 737-200, PP-VMK, was damaged beyond repair in a forced landing in the Amazon jungle in Brazil.
Flight RG254 was a regular domestic service from São Paulo to Belém with an en route stop at Marabá. When the aircraft was preparing for departure at Marabá, the
captain inadvertently entered the wrong course, 270 degrees in his Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI). The flight plan called for a course of 027 degrees.
When the copilot returned from the walk-around check, he checked the course on the captain's HSI and inserted the same course in his HSI.
The flight took off from Marabá at 17:25. The aircraft climbed to FL290 and maintained the 270 radial of Marabá for about forty minutes. The flight was then cleared to descend to FL200 by Belém ACC. However, the crew failed to find navigational aids and lost radio contact.
Course was changed to 090 degrees as the aircraft further descended down to FL040. The crew then followed a river, heading 165 degrees. Because of the sunset and haze the pilot's had difficulty navigating. Also, they failed to establish radio contact on several frequencies and failed to find navaids in the area. Just after finding two NDB beacons the engines lost power due to fuel shortage. The aircraft lost altitude and the pilots were forced to carry out a landing in the dark and without external references.
At about 20:45 the aircraft made a forced landing in the jungle. The aircraft was located 44 hours after the accident. Forty-one occupants survived and thirteen had sustained fatal injuries in the accident.

It appeared that the computerized flight plan used a four digit representation of the magnetic bearing with the last digit being a tenth of a degree without any decimal separator. A course of '027.0' was presented as '0270'.


Sources:
» Aurelio A. Santos
» ICAO Adrep Summary 5/89 #11


Photos

photo of Boeing 737-241 PP-VMK
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Marabá Airport, PA et Belém/Val-de-Cans International Airport , PA est de 448 km (280 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
languages: English Français Nederlands Deutsch Espanol

Share
Share

Boeing 737-200

  • 43ème loss
  • 1114 built
  • le accident 17ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 40ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
safety profile

 Brésil
  • le accident 65ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 78ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
»safety profile