Accident description
Last updated: 18 April 2014
Status:Preliminary - official
Date:Saturday 21 October 1989
Time:07:53
Type:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-224
Operating for:TAN Honduras (Transportes Aéreos Nacionales)
Leased from:Continental Air Lines
Registration: N88705
C/n / msn: 19514/597
First flight: 1968-06-21 (21 years 4 months)
Engines: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9A
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 127 / Occupants: 138
Total:Fatalities: 131 / Occupants: 146
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:9 km (5.6 mls) S of Tegucigalpa-Toncontin Airport (TGU) (   Honduras) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Managua-Augusto C Sandino Airport (MGA/MNMG), Nicaragua
Destination airport:Tegucigalpa-Toncontin Airport (TGU/MHTG), Honduras
Flightnumber: 414
Narrative:
TAN-SAHSA flight 414, a Boeing 727-200 was a scheduled flight from San José (SJO), Costa Rica to Tegucigalpa (TGU), Honduras with an intermediate stop at Managua (MGA), Nicaragua.
At the end of the final leg of the flight, the crew were cleared by Tegucigalpa ATC for the VOR/DME runway 01 approach, which includes a series of three step-downs from the initial approach fix altitude of 7500 ft MSL to avoid high terrain in the neighborhood of the airport. Rather than following the prescribed step-down procedure, however, the crew began a continuous descent from about 7600 ft MSL at about 11 NM from the airport to the accident site. The aircraft’s descent profile was well below the published step-down course for the entire approach. The aircraft impacted a mountain known as Cerro de Hula at the 4800 ft MSL elevation, approximately 800 ft below the summit, 4.8 NM from the Tegucigalpa runway 01 threshold. At impact, the aircraft was in approach configuration.


Events:


Sources:
» Investigation of Controlled Flight into Terrain : Descriptions of Flight Paths for Selected Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) Aircraft Accidents, 1985-1997 / Robert O. Phillips, U.S. DoT (DOT-TSC-FA9D1-99-01)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 1/90 (#12)


Photos

photo of Boeing 727-224 N88705
photo of Boeing 727-224 N88705
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Managua-Augusto C Sandino Airport to Tegucigalpa-Toncontin Airport as the crow flies is 240 km (150 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 727

  • 57th loss
  • 1832 built
  • 11th worst accident (at the time)
  • 15th worst accident (currently)
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 Honduras
  • worst accident
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