Accident description
Last updated: 21 October 2014
Status:Final
Date:Monday 15 January 1990
Time:08:29
Type:CASA C-212 Aviocar 200
Operator:Servicios Aéreos Nacionales - SANSA
Registration: TI-SAB
C/n / msn: 163
First flight: 1980-05-06 (9 years 9 months)
Total airframe hrs:3589
Cycles:7217
Engines: 2 Garrett TPE331-10-511C
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 20 / Occupants: 20
Total:Fatalities: 23 / Occupants: 23
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:16 km (10 mls) SSE of San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO) (   Costa Rica) show on map
Crash site elevation: 2200 m (7218 feet) amsl
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO/MROC), Costa Rica
Destination airport:Palmar Sur Airport (PMZ/MRPM), Costa Rica
Flightnumber: 32
Narrative:
A CASA C-212 Aviocar was destroyed when it flew into the side of a mountain at an elevation of 2200m while on a domestic Costa Rican flight from San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport (SJO) to Palmar Sur Airport (PMZ). All three crew members and twenty passengers were killed in the accident.
SANSA Flight 32 received clearance for a runway 07 departure at 08:23. The controller reported winds from 100 degrees at 30 knots and cleared the flight to climb to 5500 feet after takeoff. The CASA took off at 08:25 and climbed towards a mountainous area, shrouded by clouds. Immediately after takeoff the crew received clearance to climb to 8500 feet. The airplane continued to climb but flew into the side of a wooded mountainside at an elevation of 2200 m (7200 feet).


PROBABLE CAUSE: "La Comison Investigadora determino que la cause probable del accidente fue el no haber cumplido con el plan de vuelo propuesto inicialmente al Control de Transito Aereo y haber continuado volando con rumbo que llevaria a la aeronave a entrar en condiciones IMC, mientras se volaba bajo reglas de vuelo VFR; sin haber previsto los minimos de seguridad para las condiciones que prevalecian en el lugar por el cual se conducia el vuelo. Actuacion que pudo ser influenciada por la fatiga y desmotivacion.
Contribuyeron al accidente la deficiente administracion de operaciones y la carencia de un programa de seguridad de vuelo por parte del operador."

Classification:
VFR flight in IMC
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

Sources:
» ICAO Circular 263-AN/157 (1-46)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from San José-Juan Santamaria International Airport to Palmar Sur Airport as the crow flies is 141 km (88 miles).

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CASA 212

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 Costa Rica
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