Accident
Last updated: 24 October 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:vendredi 19 janvier 1990
Heure:17:09
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic GLF2 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Gulfstream Aerospace G-1159 Gulfstream II
Compagnie:Eastman Kodak
Immatriculation: N46TE
Numéro de série: 243
Année de Fabrication: 1980
Heures de vol:5812
Moteurs: 2 Rolls-Royce Spey 511-8
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 5 / à bord: 5
Total:victimes: 7 / à bord: 7
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Little Rock National Airport, AR (LIT) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique) show on map
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 80 m (262 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Affaires
Aéroport de départ:Longview-Gregg County Airport, TX (GGG/KGGG), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Little Rock National Airport, AR (LIT/KLIT), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Détails:
A Gulfstream II jet owned by Eastman Kodak crashed during approach to Little Rock National Airport, AR (LIT), killing all seven on board.
During arrival, heavy rain showers were reported west of the airport. At the airport, the weather was about 200 feet obscured with fog and drizzle, wind was easterly at 5 to 7 kts. The pilots intended to land on runway 22, but after being told the wind was gusting to 27 kts, they elected to land on runway 4. The actual wind was not gusty. The erroneous gust indication was from a malfunction of the LLWAS. On final approach for an ILS runway 4 approach, the flight was advized the wind was from 030 deg at 5 kts and the rvr was 1800 ft. Minimum rvr for the approach was 2400 feet. The crew acknowledged; 22 sec later, the aircraft touched down 1600 feet short of runway 4 and hit the approach lighting system, railroad tracks and a fence.
Investigation revealed the aircraft descended through windshear. While manoeuvring onto final approach; ground speed varied between 320 and 190 kts as aircraft was manoeuvred through tailwind to headwind near the Final Approach Fix (FAF). There was a delay in descent from 4000 feet to 1900 feet before reaching the FAF and that the gear warning horn sounded before extension of gear and speed brakes. There was evidence of low engine rpm during impact, but no preimpact mechanical problem was found. Each pilot had over 10,000 hrs of flight time, but only about 160 hrs each in jet aircraft.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "Failure of the pilot-in-command to follow IFR procedures (maintain an ILS glide path or initiate a missed approach) during an IFR arrival to the airport. Factors related to the accident were: unfavorable weather conditions, an erroneous wind indication from the low level windshear alert system (LLWAS), which resulted in an inaccurate weather (wind) observation, and failure of the pilots to take adequate remedial action."

Sources:
» NTSB


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Longview-Gregg County Airport, TX et Little Rock National Airport, AR est de 346 km (216 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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