Accident
Last updated: 23 April 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 25 janvier 1990
Heure:21:34 EST
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B703 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 707-321B
Compagnie:Avianca
Immatriculation: HK-2016
Numéro de série: 19276/592
Année de Fabrication: 1967
Heures de vol:61196
Moteurs: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Equipage:victimes: 8 / à bord: 9
Passagers:victimes: 65 / à bord: 149
Total:victimes: 73 / à bord: 158
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Cove Neck, NY (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique) show on map
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Rionegro/Medellín-José María Córdova Airport (MDE/SKRG), Colombie
Aéroport de destination:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 052
Détails:
Avianca Flight AV052 (Bogotá - Medellin - New York-JFK) took off from Medellin at 15:08 with approx. 81000lb of fuel on board. When arriving near New York, the aircraft had to enter 3 holding patterns. The first for 19 minutes over Norfolk, the second for 29 minutes over New Jersey, and the third pattern over the CAMRN intersection for 29 minutes. Over CAMRN the aircraft descended from FL140 to FL110. At 20:44:43, while holding at CAMRN for 26 minutes, the New York (NY) ARTCC radar controller advised AVA052 to expect further clearance at 21:05. At that moment the Avianca crew advised ATC that they could only hold for 5 more minutes and that their alternate Boston couldn't be reached anymore due to the low state of fuel. The flight left the holding pattern at 20:47 and the crew contacted the New York TRACON (Terminal Radar Approach Control) who guided AV052 for a runway 22L ILS approach. On finals, at 21:15 the crew contacted JFK Tower and they were cleared to land four minutes later.
Due to the bad weather (300 feet ceiling, 400m visibility, RVR - runway Visual Range of 2400 feet and wind shear of ca. 10kt) the crew had to carry out a missed approach at 21:23. ATC vectored the crew for another approach. About 21:32, at 12 miles SE of JFK Airport, engines number 3 and 4 ran down. Shortly afterwards followed by the remaining two. At 21:34, heading 250° and flaps at 14° and gear up, the aircraft impacted on a hillside in a wooded residential area on the north shore of Long Island. The starboard side of the forward fuselage impacted and fractured the wooden deck of a residential home.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The failure of the flight crew to adequately manage the airplane's fuel load, and their failure to communicate an emergency fuel situation to air traffic control before fuel exhaustion
occurred. Contributing to the accident was the flight crew's failure to use an airline operational control dispatch system to assist them during the international flight into a high-density airport in poor weather. Also contributing to the accident was inadequate traffic flow management by the FAA and the lack of standardized understandable terminology for pilots and controllers for minimum and emergency fuel states. The Safety Board also determines that windshear, crew fatigue and stress were factors that led to the unsuccessful completion of the first approach and thus contributed to the accident."

Sources:
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 2.4.1990 (52-53)
» NTSB/AAR-91/04

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - USA
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-91-04
report released:30-APR-1991
duration of investigation:460 days (1 year 3.2 months)
download report: Avianca, The Airline of Columbia, Boeing 707-321B, HK 2016, Fuel Exhaustion, Cove Neck, New York, January 25, 1990. (NTSB/AAR-91-04)
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Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 9 Safety Recommendations

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Photos

photo of Boeing 707-321B HK-2016
photo of Boeing 707-321B HK-2016
photo of Boeing 707-321B HK-2016
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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Rionegro/Medellín-José María Córdova Airport et New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY est de 3817 km (2386 miles).

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