Accident
Last updated: 23 November 2014
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 14 February 1990
Time:13:03
Type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-231
Operator:Indian Airlines
Registration: VT-EPN
C/n / msn: 079
First flight: 1989
Engines: 2 IAE V2500-A1
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 88 / Occupants: 139
Total:Fatalities: 92 / Occupants: 146
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:0,7 km (0.4 mls) W of Bangalore-Hindustan Airport (BLR) (   India) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Mumbai (Bombay) Airport (BOM/VABB), India
Destination airport:Bangalore-Hindustan Airport (BLR/VOBG), India
Flightnumber: 605
Narrative:
Flight IC605 took off from Mumbai (Bombay) at 11:58 for a flight to Bangalore (BLR). At 12:25 Bangalore approach was contacted and prevailing weather at Bangalore was passed on to the crew (wind variable 5 knots, visibility 10km, clouds 2 octa 2000 feet, temp 27deg, QNH 1018). At 12:44 the aircraft was cleared to descend to FL110. Reaching FL110, vectors were given for a visual runway 09 approach. On final approach, the aircraft descended well below the normal approach profile and kept descending until it struck the boundaries of the Karnataka Golf Club (2300 feet short of the runway and 200 feet right of the extended centerline. The aircraft rolled for 80 feet and lifted off again for about 230 feet and came down again on the 17th green of the golf course. The landing gear wheels dug into the ground and the aircraft impacted a 12 feet high embankment, causing the gears and engines to be sheared off. The aircraft continued over the embankment and came to rest in a grassy, marshy and rocky area.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Failure of the pilots to realize the gravity of the situation and respond immediately towards proper action of moving the throttles, even after the radio altitude call-outs of "Four hundred", "Three hundred" and "Two hundred" feet, in spite of knowing that the plane was in idle/open descent mode. However, identification of the cause for the engagement of idle/open descent mode in short final approach during the crucial period of the flight is not possible."

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:
» ICAO Circular 263-AN/157 (111-117,146,147)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Mumbai (Bombay) Airport to Bangalore-Hindustan Airport as the crow flies is 849 km (530 miles).

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