Accident
Last updated: 23 April 2014
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Montag 3 Dezember 1990
Zeit:13:45 EST
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-251
Fluggesellschaft:Northwest Airlines
Kennzeichen: N278US
Werknummer: 21157/1173
Baujahr: 1975-11-07 (15 years 1 month)
Betriebsstunden:37310
Anzahl Zyklen der Zelle:27933
Triebwerk: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-15A
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 8
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 146
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 154
Sachschaden: schwer beschädigt
Konsequenzen: Repaired
Unfallort:Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI (DTW) (   USA) show on map
Flugphase: Start (TOF)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI (DTW/KDTW), USA
Flug nach:Memphis International Airport, TN (MEM/KMEM), USA
Flugnummer: 299
Unfallbericht:
Northwest Airlines Flight 1482, a DC-9 bound for Pittsburgh received clearance to taxi from Gate C18 to runway 03C via taxiway Oscar 6, Foxtrot and Xray, at 13:35. In dense fog (about 1/4mile visibility) the crew missed the Oscar 6 taxiway and entered the Outer taxiway. Ground control then instructed them to head for Oscar 4 and make a right turn onto Xray. At the Oscar 4 intersection NW1482 turned right, but entered the active runway 03C instead of taxiway Xray.
Suddenly both pilots found out they had taxied the wrong way, and contacted ground control. When ground control found out that NW1482 was on the active runway, the crew were told to leave that runway immediately. About 5 seconds later the DC-9 crew saw a Boeing 727 coming right at them.
The Boeing 727 (Northwest Fight 299 to Memphis) had just received take-off clearance and was traveling at a speed of over 100 knots when the collision took place.
The 727's right wingtip was sheared off when striking the right-hand side of the DC-9. The remainder of the wing cut through the fuselage just below the bottom of the windows and cut off the no. 2 engine. A fire erupted in the DC-9 which caused the fuselage to burn out from just aft of the cockpit to just forward of the aft bulkhead. The Boeing 727 didn't catch fire but just sustained damage to the left wing .


PROBABLE CAUSE:"A lack of proper crew coordination, including a virtual reversal of roles by the DC-9 pilots, which led to their failure to stop taxiing their airplane and alert the ground controller of their positional uncertainty in a timely manner before and after intruding onto the active runway.
Contributing to the cause of the accident were (1) deficiencies in the air traffic control services provided by the Detroit tower, including failure of the ground controller to take timely action to alert the local controller to the possible runway incursion, inadequate visibility observations, failure to use progressive taxi instructions in low-visibility conditions, and issuance of inappropriate and confusing taxi instructions compounded by inadequate backup supervision for the level of experience of the staff on duty; (2) deficiencies in the surface markings, signage, and lighting at the airport and the failure of Federal Aviation Administration surveillance to detect or correct any of these deficiencies; and (3) failure of Northwest Airlines, Inc., to provide adequate cockpit resource management training to their line aircrews.
Contributing to the fatalities in the accident was the inoperability of the DC-9 internal tail cone release mechanism. Contributing to the number and severity of injuries was the failure of the crew of the DC-9 to properly execute the passenger evacuation." (NTSB)

Informationsquelle:
» ICAO Adrep 3/94 (#88)
» NTSB/AAR-91/05


Sicherheitsempfehlungen

NTSB issued 23 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI to Memphis International Airport, TN as the crow flies is 976 km (610 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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