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Accident description
Last updated: 6 October 2015
Date:Tuesday 12 March 1991
Type:McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62H-AF
Operator:Air Transport International - ATI
Registration: N730PL
C/n / msn: 46161/552
First flight: 1971
Total airframe hrs:50145
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK) (   United States of America)
Crash site elevation: 4 m (13 feet) amsl
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Departure airport:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), United States of America
Destination airport:Brussel-Zaventem Airport (BRU/EBBR), Belgium
Flightnumber: 102
The pilot felt that the force needed to pull the yoke aft was too great and aborted the takeoff. The aircraft overran, striking a sand berm and an ILS shack. Both main gears and all four engines broke off. The flight engineer had calculated the "V"-speeds and trim settings for a 242,000lbs takeoff weight, while the actual takeoff weight was 342,000lbs.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Improper preflight planning/preparation, in that the flight engineer miscalculated (misjudged) the aircraft's gross weight by 100,000 lbs and provided the captain with improper takeoff speeds; and improper supervision by the captain. Factors related to the accident were: improper trim setting provided to the captain by the flight engineer, inadequate monitoring of the performance data by the first officer, and the company management's inadequate surveillance of the operation. "

Wrong takeoff configuration (flaps/trim)

Runway excursion

» Air Safety Week 10.04.1995 (p. 3-4)
» Flight International
» ICAO Adrep Summary 4/94 (#96)


photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62H-AF N730PL
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY to Brussel-Zaventem Airport as the crow flies is 5845 km (3653 miles).

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