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Accident
Last updated: 11 December 2017
Status:Definitief
Datum:zaterdag 21 maart 1992
Tijd:13:00 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic CONC model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Aérospatiale / BAC Concorde 102
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:British Airways
Registratie: G-BOAB
Constructienummer: 208
Bouwjaar: 1976-05-18 (15 years 10 months)
Aantal vlieguren:15387
Aantal vluchten:5010
Motoren: 4 Rolls-Royce Olympus 593/610
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 9
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden:
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden:
Schade: Licht
Gevolgen: Repaired
Plaats:North Atlantic (   Atlantische Oceaan)
Fase: Kruisvlucht (ENR)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:London-Heathrow Airport (LHR/EGLL), Verenigd Koninkrijk
Vliegveld van aankomst:New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK/KJFK), Verenigde Staten
Vluchtnummer:BA1
Beschrijving:
The British Airways Concorde, G-BOAB was on a scheduled transatlantic passenger flight from London to New York. After the aircraft had been airborne for 1 hour and 57 minutes, when cruising at FL 530 and Mach 2, the crew noticed a momentary vibration which, in the absence of any unusual indications on the flight deck instruments, they assumed to be caused by a brief engine surge. However, approximately one hour later, as the aircraft was descending and decelerating below Mach 1.4, there was a sudden onset of severe vibration that was felt throughout the aircraft. Although the crew were unaware of the source of the vibration, portions of the upper rudder were probably separating from the aircraft at this time. In attempting to diagnose the problem it was found that increasing power on No 2 engine appeared to cause the vibration level to increase and accordingly, as a precaution, this engine was shut down. Aircraft handling was apparently unaffected until during the manual landing when more than normal right rudder was needed. However, an otherwise uneventful 3-engine approach and landing was carried out at JF Kennedy International Airport, New York. Upon landing, the crew were informed that a large section of the upper rudder was missing.

Probable Cause:

CAUSAL FACTORS:
1) The bonded honeycomb structure of the upper rudder, upper wedge broke-up as a result of delamination of the skid/honeycomb bond.
2) The reason for the presence of the delamination could not be established with certainty but the balance of evidence pointed to weakening of the skin/honeycomb bond, brought about by the accidental ingress of preparation materials into the core during the course of a major repair performed some 254 flying hours before the event.
3) The large size of the repair to VW23 would have made successful application of the repair procedures all the more challenging and sealing of the original structure to prevent the ingress of preparation fluids more difficult.
4) The potential for repair preparation materials to adversely affect the skidhoneycomb bond strength was not generally appreciated before this accident.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 7 months
Accident number: AAIB AAR 5/1993
Download report: Final report


Veiligheidsmaatregelen

AAIB issued 3 Safety Recommendations

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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen London-Heathrow Airport en New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY bedraagt 5499 km (3437 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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