Beschrijving:A Boeing 737-204 aircraft, operated by COPA Panama, was destroyed when it crashed near Tucutí, Panama. All 40 passengers and seven crew members were killed.
|Datum:||zaterdag 6 juni 1992|
|Luchtvaartmaatschappij:||COPA Panama - Compañía Panameña de Aviación|
|Bouwjaar:|| 1980-01-15 (12 years 5 months)|
|Motoren:|| 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-15|
|Bemanning:||slachtoffers: 7 / inzittenden: 7|
|Passagiers:||slachtoffers: 40 / inzittenden: 40|
|Totaal:||slachtoffers: 47 / inzittenden: 47 |
|Gevolgen:|| Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Plaats:||13 km (8.1 mijl) SW of Tucutí (Panama)
|Fase:|| Kruisvlucht (ENR)|
|Soort vlucht:||Internationale lijnvlucht|
|Vliegveld van vertrek:||Panama City-Tocumen International Airport (PTY/MPTO), Panama|
|Vliegveld van aankomst:||Cali-Alfonso Bonilla Aragón Airport (CLO/SKCL), Colombia|
COPA Flight 201 took off from runway 21L at Panama City-Tocumen International Airport (PTY) at 20:36. Destination of the flight was Cali, Colombia.
The flight intercepted Airway A321 and climbed to the cruising altitude of FL250. At 20:46 the flight contacted the Panama City controller and requested weather information.
The controller reported that there was an area of very bad weather at 30-50 miles. Last radio contact was at 20:48 when the crew reported reaching FL250.
During the flight there was an intermittent failure of the main attitude indicator due to a short circuit. This was not noticed by the flight crew, who attempted to adjust the aircraft attitude based on the false information from the attitude indicator.
They lost control of the aircraft which entered a steep descent and started to disintegrate at FL100, plunging 80deg. nose down to the ground.
The probable causes of this accident include:
a) loss of control of the aircraft because the flight crew followed false information from an attitude indicator that operated intermittently.
b) lack of visible horizon during cruise flight due to night and approaching bad weather.
c) insufficient cross-checking between the primary and emergency (stand-by) attitude indicators to identify intermittent attitude errors and to select a reliable source of (correct) attitude information.
d) non-standard cabin configurations between aircraft in the fleet of the company, which required the crew to determine how to set the switches based on the aircraft was being operated at the time.
e) incomplete ground crew training simulator, as it did not present "differences between aircraft" and "crew resource management" in sufficient detail to give the crew knowledge to overcome intermittent attitude indicator errors and to maintain control of the aircraft.
» Final Report released by the Directorate of Civil Aviation, Panama
U.K. charter airline Britannia leased this Boeing 737 G-BGYL to COPA Panama on April 10, 1992. The airplane crashed just two months later.
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet
de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Panama City-Tocumen International Airport en Cali-Alfonso Bonilla Aragón Airport bedraagt 695 km (434 miles).
This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.