Accident
Last updated: 20 April 2014
Status:Definitief
Datum:maandag 8 juni 1992
Tijd:08:53
Type:Silhouette image of generic BE99 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Beechcraft C99
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:GP Express Airlines
Registratie: N118GP
Constructienummer: U-185
Bouwjaar: 1982
Aantal vlieguren:9725
Aantal vluchten:11109
Motoren: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-36
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 1 / inzittenden: 2
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 2 / inzittenden: 4
Totaal:slachtoffers: 3 / inzittenden: 6
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:12 km (7.5 mijl) NE of Anniston-County Airport, AL (ANB) (   Verenigde Staten) show on map
Fase: Nadering (APR)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL), Verenigde Staten
Vliegveld van aankomst:Anniston-County Airport, AL (ANB/KANB), Verenigde Staten
Vluchtnummer: 861
Beschrijving:
After being cleared by air traffic control for the instrument landing system (ILS) approach to runway 05 at Anniston, the flight crew turned the airplane toward the north away from the airport in the erroneous belief that the airplane was south of the airport. The flight crew did not perform the manoeuvres specified on the approach chart, which required flying outbound from the airport, then performing the "procedure turn" back toward the airport. The investigation determined that in actuality, the airplane had intercepted the back course localizer signal for the ILS approach, and the flight crew had commenced the approach at a high airspeed about 2,000 feet above the specified altitude for crossing the final approach fix. The airplane continued a controlled descent until it impacted terrain.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The failure of senior management of GP Express to provide adequate training and operational support for the start-up of the southern operation, which resulted in the assignment of an inadequately prepared captain with a relatively inexperienced first officer in revenue passenger service and the failure of the flight crew to use approved instrument flight procedures, which resulted in a loss of situational awareness and terrain clearance. Contributing to the causes of the accident was GP Express' failure to provide approach charts to each pilot and to establish stabilized approach criteria. Also contributing were the inadequate crew coordination and a role reversal on the part of the captain and first officer."

Bronnen:
» NTSB Safety Recommendations A-92-133
» Scramble 157

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - USA
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-93-03
report released:02-MAR-1993
duration of investigation:267 days (8.9 months)
download report: Controlled Collision with Terrain GP Express Airlines, Inc., Flight 861 A Beechcraft C99, N118GP Anniston, Alabama June 8, 1992. (NTSB/AAR-93-03)
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Veiligheidsmaatregelen

NTSB issued 6 Safety Recommendations

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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA en Anniston-County Airport, AL bedraagt 132 km (82 miles).

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