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Last updated: 15 November 2018
Status:
Date:Monday 20 July 1992
Type:Silhouette image of generic T154 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev Tu-154B
Operator:Tbilisi Aviation Enterprise
Registration: 85222
C/n / msn: 77A-222
First flight: 1977
Engines: 3 Kuznetsov NK-8-2U
Crew:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 16 / Occupants: 16
Total:Fatalities: 24 / Occupants: 24
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 4
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Tbilisi-Novo Alexeyevka Airport (TBS) (   Georgia)
Crash site elevation: 495 m (1624 feet) amsl
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Tbilisi-Novo Alexeyevka Airport (TBS/UGGG), Georgia
Destination airport:Mineralnye Vody Airport (MRV/URMM), Russia
Narrative:
The aircraft didn't become airborne and overran the runway, striking the localizer building. The Tu-154 broke up, overturned and crashed into a ravine.
It was loaded with about 20 tons of tea. Not all of the cargo was documented. The actual take-off mass was more than 2 tons higher than the physically possible for a safe take-off. Furthermore, the forward centre of gravity limit was exceeded.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Violation of the rules of loading by the crew, storehouse personnel and operations service. The attempt to take-off was with weight in excess of max allowed in the given conditions, and with cargo outside its forward limit. None of the pax were ticketed.

Classification:
Overloaded
Centre of Gravity outside limits
Runway excursion

Sources:
» ICAO Adrep Summary 4/93 (#34)
» Soviet Transports
» airdisaster.ru


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tbilisi-Novo Alexeyevka Airport to Mineralnye Vody Airport as the crow flies is 320 km (200 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networks opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Tupolev Tu-154

  • 1026 built
  • 35th loss
  • 18th fatal accident
  • 10th worst accident (at the time)
  • 28th worst accident (currently)
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 Georgia
  • 5th worst accident (at the time)
  • 8th worst accident (currently)
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