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Accident description
Last updated: 20 September 2017
Status:
Date:Friday 31 July 1992
Time:15:12
Type:Silhouette image of generic YK42 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Yakovlev 42D
Operator:China General Aviation Corp.
Registration: B-2755
C/n / msn: 4520422116644
First flight: 1991
Engines: 3 Lotarev D-36
Crew:Fatalities: 9 / Occupants: 10
Passengers:Fatalities: 98 / Occupants: 116
Total:Fatalities: 107 / Occupants: 126
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Nanking Airport (NKG) (   China)
Crash site elevation: 15 m (49 feet) amsl
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport (NKG/ZSNJ), China
Destination airport:Xiamen Airport (XMN/ZSAM), China
Flightnumber:GP7552
Narrative:
China General Aviation Corp. flight 7552 was destroyed when it crashed during takeoff from Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport in China. Of the 126 persons on board the flight, 19 survived the accident.
The aircraft, a Yakovlev 42, operated on a scheduled passenger service to Xiamen Airport. During an attempted takeoff from runway 06, the flight failed to rotate, even as the speed increased past Vr speed.
The flight crew then attempted to abort the takeoff, but the aircraft overran the runway at high speed. After 420 meters the aircraft crossed a 22 feet wide drainage ditch and impacted a 2 metre high embankment. The aircraft's ground speed at the time was 210 km/h (113 kts). It broke up and caught fire.
It was established that the aircraft's horizontal stabiliser was trimmed in the landing configuration.

Classification:
Wrong takeoff configuration (flaps/trim)
Loss of control

Sources:
» Scramble 157
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 10.08.1992 (34)
» Flight International 12-18.08.1992 (p.10)
» World Aircraft Accident Summary - CAA CAP479 / Ascend
» Chinese aviation accidents centennial


Follow-up / safety actions
China General grounded its fleet of Yak-42 planes temporarily on August 6, 1992.

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport to Xiamen Airport as the crow flies is 826 km (516 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Yakovlev Yak-42

  • 180+ built
  • 4th loss
  • 3rd fatal accident
  • 2nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 3rd worst accident (currently)
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 China
  • 3rd worst accident (at the time)
  • 6th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile