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Accident description
Last updated: 22 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 2 January 1993
Time:19:42
Type:Silhouette image of generic SF34 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Saab 340A
Operator:Express Airlines I
Registration: N342PX
C/n / msn: 340A-147
First flight: 1989-03-21 (3 years 10 months)
Engines: 2 General Electric CT7
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 28
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 31
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Hibbing-Chisholm Airport, MN (HIB) (   United States of America)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport, MN (MSP/KMSP), United States of America
Destination airport:Hibbing-Chisholm Airport, MN (HIB/KHIB), United States of America
Narrative:
While on approach to Hibbing runway 31 in poor weather (500 feet ceiling, fog, freezing drizzle) the first officer asked the captain if he wanted to activate wing de-icing, but the captain stated he would deice them on the ground. While over the runway threshold, the sink rate increased. Back pressure on the yoke was applied until the stall warning horn sounded. The Saab touched down hard, causing the right main gear to collapse. The fuel tank ruptured and the right wing rear spar bent upward.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The first officer's failure to maintain a proper descent rate during the landing, and the captain's inadequate supervision by not taking timely action to ensure a safe landing. Factors which contributed to the accident were: the company's failure to provide adequate training on the airplane's flight characteristics and/or handling techniques under conditions of wing ice contamination, the company's failure to assure that both pilots had received the current crew resource management (CRM) training, and the existing weather conditions which resulted in an accumulation of ice on the airplane's wing."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 4 months
Accident number: CHI93MA061
Download report: Summary report

Sources:
» Flight International
» NTSB id CHI93MA061


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport, MN to Hibbing-Chisholm Airport, MN as the crow flies is 278 km (174 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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