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Accident description
Last updated: 20 July 2017
Date:Wednesday 3 February 1993
Type:Silhouette image of generic C130 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules
Registration: N130X
C/n / msn: 4412
First flight: 1971
Total airframe hrs:6708
Engines: 4 Allison 501-M71K
Crew:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Marietta-Dobbins AFB, GA (MGE) (   United States of America)
Crash site elevation: 326 m (1070 feet) amsl
Phase: Taxi (TXI)
Departure airport:Marietta-Dobbins AFB, GA (MGE/KMGE), United States of America
Destination airport:Marietta-Dobbins AFB, GA (MGE/KMGE), United States of America
The Lockheed engineering testbed was used to evaluate the fly-by-wire rudder actuator and the ground minimum control speed (VMCG). During the final high-speed ground test-run, the aircraft accidentally veered left and became airborne. The Hercules climbed to 250 feet and crashed.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Disengagement of the rudder fly-by-wire flight control system resulting in a total loss of rudder control capability while conducting ground minimum control speed tests. The disengagement was a result of the inadequate design of the rudder's integrated actuator package by its manufacturer; the operator's insufficient system safety review failed to consider the consequences of the inadequate design to all operating regimes. A factor which contributed to the accident was the flight crew's lack of engineering flight test training."

» Flight International 6-12.4.94(12)
» Air Safety Week 8.2.1993 (p. 4, 5)
» Flight International 10-16.2.93(6)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 1/95
» NTSB Safety Recommendation A-94-101
» Scramble 165


photo of Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules KAF-318
KAF-318 sold the plane to Lockheed in May 1983.
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