Narrative:At 09:40 the Fokker 100 jet arrived at Skopje (SKP) after a flight from Frankfurt (FRA). At 11:06 taxi clearance was given to Flight 301 to Zürich (ZRH)
|Date:||Friday 5 March 1993|
|Operator:||Palair Macedonian Airlines|
|C/n / msn:|| 11393|
|First flight:|| 1992-04-23 (11 months)|
|Total airframe hrs:||188|
|Engines:|| 2 Rolls-Royce Tay 620-15|
|Crew:||Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 5|
|Passengers:||Fatalities: 79 / Occupants: 92|
|Total:||Fatalities: 83 / Occupants: 97 |
|Airplane damage:|| Destroyed|
|Airplane fate:|| Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Location:||Skopje Airport (SKP) ( Macedonia (FYROM))
|Crash site elevation:|| 238 m (781 feet) amsl |
|Phase:|| Initial climb (ICL)|
|Nature:||International Scheduled Passenger|
|Departure airport:||Skopje Airport (SKP/LWSK), Macedonia (FYROM)|
|Destination airport:||Zürich-Kloten Airport (ZRH/LSZH), Switzerland|
The Fokker started the takeoff roll at 11:11 using runway 34. Two seconds after lift-off the Fokker experienced heavy vibrations followed by a sudden 10° right bank, a 50° left bank and a 55° right bank. The right wingtip struck the ground, 382 m past the runway end with a 90° bank. The wing separated and the fuselage broke into three pieces.
Probable Cause:PROBABLE CAUSE: "The Board determined that impact with the ground in a steep right bank shortly after litf off was caused by loss of roll controllability due to contamination of the wings with ice . This situation resulted from an omission to carry out spraying of the aircraft with deicing or anti-icing fluid in meteorological conditions conducive to icing, due to a lack of ice-awareness of the flight crew and the Flying Station Engineer . Contributing factors were a lack of common background and procedures in a difficult multi-sources operational environment."
|investigating agency: ||Raad voor de Luchtvaart - Netherlands |
|released:||1 January 1996|
|duration of investigation: ||2 years and 10 months|
|download report: ||
Loss of control
» Air Safety Week 15.03.1993 (p. 3)
» Flight International
» NOS journaal
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from Skopje Airport to Zürich-Kloten Airport as the crow flies is 1190 km (744 miles).