Accident
Last updated: 24 September 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 14 septembre 1993
Heure:15:43 UTC
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-211
Compagnie:Lufthansa
Immatriculation: D-AIPN
Numéro de série: 105
Année de Fabrication: 1990
Heures de vol:7546
Cycles:6721
Moteurs: 2 CFMI CFM56-5A1
Equipage:victimes: 1 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 1 / à bord: 64
Total:victimes: 2 / à bord: 70
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Warszawa-Okecie Airport (WAW) (   Pologne) show on map
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Frankfurt International Airport (FRA/EDDF), Allemagne
Aéroport de destination:Warszawa-Okecie Airport (WAW/EPWA), Pologne
Numéro de vol:2904
Détails:
The aircraft was cleared for a Warsaw runway 11 approach and were told of the existence of windshear on the approach.
The Airbus' right gear touched down 770m from the runway 11 threshold. The left gear touched down 9 seconds later, 1525m from the threshold. Only when the left gear touched the runway, automatic systems depending on oleo strut (shock absorber) compression unlocked the use of ground spoilers and engine thrust reversers. The wheel brakes, depending on wheel rotation being equivalent of circumfential speed of 72 knots began to operate after about 4 seconds. Seeing the approaching end of the runway and the obstacle behind it, the pilot steered the aircraft off the runway to the right. The aircraft left the runway at a speed of 72 knots and rolled 90m before it hit the embankment and an LLZ aerial with the left wing. A fire started in the left wing area and penetrated into the passenger cabin.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "Cause of the accident were incorrect decisions and actions of the flight crew taken in situation when the information about windshear at the approach to the runway was received. Windshear was produced by the front just passing the aerodrome; the front was accompanied by intensive variation of wind parameters as well as by heavy rain on the aerodrome itself.
Actions of the flight crew were also affected by design features of the aircraft which limited the feasibility of applying available braking systems as well as by insufficient information in the aircraft operations manual (AOM) relating to the increase of the landing distance."

Sources:
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 06.12.1993 (20-21)
» Der Spiegel 38/1993 (280, 281)
» Der Spiegel 40/1993 (222)
» Der Spiegel 47/1993 (99-104)
» Windshear occurrences in Europe : some annotated cases and inquiry into a windshear database (NLR TP 95374 L)

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Main Commission Aircraft Accident Investigation Warsaw - Poland
report status: Final
report number: -
report released:01-MAR-1994
duration of investigation:168 days (5.6 months)
download report: Report on the Accident to Airbus A320-211 Aircraft in Warsaw on 14 September 1993 (MCAAI Warsaw -)
cover

Photos

photo of Airbus A320-211 D-AIPN
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Frankfurt International Airport et Warszawa-Okecie Airport est de 892 km (557 miles).

languages: English Français Nederlands Deutsch Espanol

Share
Share

Airbus A320

  • 4ème loss
  • 3671+ built
  • le accident 4ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 10ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
safety profile

 Pologne
  • le accident 9ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 11ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
»safety profile