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Accident description
Last updated: 19 November 2017
Status:Final
Date:Sunday 3 October 1993
Time:15:55
Type:Silhouette image of generic MD83 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-83 (MD-83)
Operator:BWIA International
Registration: 9Y-THR
C/n / msn: 49568/1380
First flight: 1987
Total airframe hrs:14657
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-219
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 76
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 82
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:near Miami, FL (   United States of America)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Miami International Airport, FL (MIA/KMIA), United States of America
Destination airport:Bridgetown-Grantley Adams International Airport (BGI/TBPB), Barbados
Flightnumber: 431
Narrative:
BWIA flight 431 experienced an explosion in the forward galley during climb to cruise altitude. The airplane was substantially damaged, 1 flight attendant received serious injuries and 1 flight attendant received minor injuries. The flight had originated from Miami, FL, about 15:25 and landed back at there around 16,25 the same day.
Examination of the airplane revealed that a water heater, Nordskog model, had over pressurized and exploded. The entire forward galley and the cabin wall to the cockpit was destroyed.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The failure of the water heater relay and the overpressure relief valve to operate properly. In addition, the design of the relief valve was inadequate in that it allowed the O-ring to migrate from its normal position preventing the valve from opening."

Classification:
Forced landing on runway

Sources:
» Air Safety Week 13 December 1993 (p. 10)
» Air Safety Week nr.40-1993
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 18 October 1993 (40)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Miami International Airport, FL to Bridgetown-Grantley Adams International Airport as the crow flies is 2577 km (1611 miles).

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