Narrative:A Yakovlev 42D passenger plane, RA-42390, was destroyed in an accident near Ohrid, Macedonia. All 108 passengers and eight crew members were killed.
|Date:||Saturday 20 November 1993|
|C/n / msn:|| 4520424016557|
|First flight:|| 1991|
|Engines:|| 3 Lotarev D-36|
|Crew:||Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8|
|Passengers:||Fatalities: 108 / Occupants: 108|
|Total:||Fatalities: 116 / Occupants: 116 |
|Airplane damage:|| Destroyed|
|Airplane fate:|| Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Location:||2 km (1.3 mls) E of Ohrid Airport (OHD) ( Macedonia (FYROM))
|Crash site elevation:|| 1494 m (4902 feet) amsl |
|Phase:|| Approach (APR)|
|Nature:||International Scheduled Passenger|
|Departure airport:||Genève-Cointrin Airport (GVA/LSGG), Switzerland|
|Destination airport:||Skopje Airport (SKP/LWSK), Macedonia (FYROM)|
One passenger initially survived the accident, but died on December 2, 1993.
The Yak-42 operated flight AXX110 from Genève-Cointrin Airport (GVA), Switzerland to Skopje Airport (SKP), Macedonia. Because of heavy snowfall at Skopje, the flight diverted to Ohrid. The first approach to runway 02 at Ohrid was abandoned and a missed approach procedure was executed. The airplane was manoeuvring for another approach when it flew into the side of Mount Trojani at an elevation of 4900 feet, which is about 2600 feet above airfield elevation. The GPWS sounded during seven seconds prior to the accident.
At the time of the accident the VOR beacon at Ohrid was not working. Macedonian investigators said this was a factor in the accident. The crew did not follow the airport traffic pattern and continued with the approach even though they were unaware of their exact position.
Russian prosecutors however claimed that there was a misunderstanding because air traffic controller spoke Macedonian while the crew used Russian and English in their transmissions.
Loss of situational awareness
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain
» Soviet Transports
» Flight International 1-7.12.93(6)
» Aviation Disasters / D. Gero
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from Genève-Cointrin Airport to Skopje Airport as the crow flies is 1315 km (822 miles).
This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.