Accident description
Last updated: 22 October 2014
Status:
Date:Saturday 20 November 1993
Time:ca 23:00
Type:Silhouette image of generic YK42 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Yakovlev 42D
Operating for:Avioimpex
Leased from:Saravia - Saratov Airlines
Registration: RA-42390
C/n / msn: 4520424016557
First flight: 1990
Engines: 3 Lotarev D-36
Crew:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 108 / Occupants: 108
Total:Fatalities: 116 / Occupants: 116
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:2 km (1.3 mls) E of Ohrid Airport (OHD) (   Macedonia (FYROM)) show on map
Crash site elevation: 1494 m (4902 feet) amsl
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Genève-Cointrin Airport (GVA/LSGG), Switzerland
Destination airport:Skopje Airport (SKP/LWSK), Macedonia (FYROM)
Flightnumber: 110
Narrative:
A Yakovlev 42D passenger plane, RA-42390, was destroyed in an accident near Ohrid, Macedonia. All 108 passengers and eight crew members were killed.
One passenger initially survived the accident, but died on December 2, 1993.
The Yak-42 operated flight AXX110 from Genève-Cointrin Airport (GVA), Switzerland to Skopje Airport (SKP), Macedonia. Because of heavy snowfall at Skopje, the flight diverted to Ohrid. The first approach to runway 02 at Ohrid was abandoned and a missed approach procedure was executed. The airplane was manoeuvring for another approach when it flew into the side of Mount Trojani at an elevation of 4900 feet, which is about 2600 feet above airfield elevation. The GPWS sounded during seven seconds prior to the accident.
At the time of the accident the VOR beacon at Ohrid was not working. Macedonian investigators said this was a factor in the accident. The crew did not follow the airport traffic pattern and continued with the approach even though they were unaware of their exact position.
Russian prosecutors however claimed that there was a misunderstanding because air traffic controller spoke Macedonian while the crew used Russian and English in their transmissions.


Classification:
Loss of situational awareness
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

Sources:
» Soviet Transports
» Flight International 1-7.12.93(6)
» Aviation Disasters / D. Gero


Photos

photo of Yakovlev 42D RA-42390
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Genève-Cointrin Airport to Skopje Airport as the crow flies is 1315 km (822 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Yakovlev 42

  • 5th loss
  • 180+ built
  • 2nd worst accident
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 Macedonia (FYROM)
  • worst accident
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