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Last updated: 17 November 2018
Date:Monday 3 January 1994
Type:Silhouette image of generic T154 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev Tu-154M
Operator:Baikal Airlines
Registration: RA-85656
C/n / msn: 89A-801
First flight: 1989
Engines: 3 Soloviev D-30KU-154-II
Crew:Fatalities: 9 / Occupants: 9
Passengers:Fatalities: 115 / Occupants: 115
Total:Fatalities: 124 / Occupants: 124
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 1
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:near Mamony (   Russia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Irkutsk Airport (IKT/UIII), Russia
Destination airport:Moskva-Domodedovo Airport (DME/UUDD), Russia
It took the crew 17 minutes to get all 3 engines to run. During the start-up of the centre no. 2 engine a spontaneous rotation of the engine's turbo compressor was noted twice. When all engines were started the "dangerous rotation of starter" warning light illuminated. The light wouldn't go out by using the starter turn off button. The operations manual didn't describe the actions to be taken in this situation and the crew thought the warning was false, thinking the starter could only spin during engine start-up. All engine parameters seemed normal and the aircraft departed for Moscow. While climbing through 4000 m no. 2 engine problems forced the crew to return to Irkutsk. A fuel-fed fire had erupted in the area of the no. 2 engine, causing damage to hydraulic lines and control surfaces. Control was lost and the aircraft crashed amongst farm buildings.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Break-up of the no.2 engine starter, damaging fuel and oil lines. The crew shouldn't have departed in the first place, but underestimated the severity of the situation "due to shortcomings in the operational documentation and the instructions used for the training of flight and technical personnel, as well as the unsatisfactory information provided in the cockpit by the starter's status monitoring system."


Loss of control

» Flight International 12-18 January 1994 (9)
» Air Safety Week 10 January 1994
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 11.07.94(37-38)
» Fligh Safety Digest / Flight Safety Foundation, March 1995(21)
» Flight International 26 January - 1 February 1994 (8)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 1/94 (#120)
» Soviet Transports


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Irkutsk Airport to Moskva-Domodedovo Airport as the crow flies is 4177 km (2611 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Tupolev Tu-154

  • 1026 built
  • 45th loss
  • 21st fatal accident
  • 5th worst accident (at the time)
  • 10th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile

  • 3rd worst accident (at the time)
  • 4th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile