Vliegtuigongeval op 03 JAN 1994 met Tupolev Tu-154M RA-85656 - Mamony
ASN logo

Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Datum:maandag 3 januari 1994
Type:Silhouette image of generic T154 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Tupolev Tu-154M
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Baikal Airlines
Registratie: RA-85656
Constructienummer: 89A801
Bouwjaar: 1989
Motoren: 3 Soloviev D-30KU-154-II
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 9 / inzittenden: 9
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 115 / inzittenden: 115
Totaal:slachtoffers: 124 / inzittenden: 124
Slachtoffers op de grond:slachtoffers: 1
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:nabij Mamony (   Rusland)
Fase: Kruisvlucht (ENR)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Irkutsk Airport (IKT/UIII), Rusland
Vliegveld van aankomst:Moskva-Domodedovo Airport (DME/UUDD), Rusland
Baikal Airlines flight 130, a Tupolev Tu-154M, crashed after takeoff from Irkutsk Airport, Russia. The aircraft operated on a service to Moscow's Domodedovo Airport.
On the apron at Irkutsk, it took 17 minutes to get all three jet engines to run. During the start-up of the centre (no. 2) engine, a spontaneous rotation of the engine's turbo compressor was noted twice. When all engines were started the "dangerous rotation of starter" warning light illuminated. The light wouldn't go out by using the starter turn off button. The operations manual didn't describe the actions to be taken in this situation and the crew thought the warning was false, thinking the starter could only spin during engine start-up. All engine parameters seemed normal and the crew decided to continue.
The aircraft took off from runway 12 at 11:59 hours local time. Four minutes after takeoff the starter if engine no.2 suffered an uncontained failure. Turbine fragments severed fuel lines and a fire erupted in the area of the APU and the no.2 engine. The flight crew shut down engine no.2 and activated all three fire extinguishing bottles. The fire however could not be controlled.
At 12:05 the flight crew radioed that they had an engine fire and were returning to the airport. Meanwhile the fire caused damage to hydraulic lines, which led to a loss of hydraulics.
Control was lost and the aircraft crashed amongst farm buildings.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Break-up of the no.2 engine starter, damaging fuel and oil lines. The crew shouldn't have departed in the first place, but underestimated the severity of the situation "due to shortcomings in the operational documentation and the instructions used for the training of flight and technical personnel, as well as the unsatisfactory information provided in the cockpit by the starter's status monitoring system."

» Flight International 12-18 January 1994 (9)
» Air Safety Week 10 January 1994
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 11.07.94(37-38)
» Fligh Safety Digest / Flight Safety Foundation, March 1995(21)
» Flight International 26 January - 1 February 1994 (8)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 1/94 (#120)
» Soviet Transports


Add your photo of this accident or aircraft

Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Irkutsk Airport en Moskva-Domodedovo Airport bedraagt 4177 km (2611 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
languages: languages


Tupolev Tu-154

  • 1026 built
  • 47e ongeval
  • 21e dodelijk ongeval
  • 5e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 10e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile

  • 3e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 4e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
» safety profile

The Aviation Safety Network is an exclusive service provided by:
Quick Links:

CONNECT WITH US: FSF Facebook FSF Twitter FSF Youtube FSF LinkedIn FSF Instagram

©2023 Flight Safety Foundation

1920 Ballenger Av., 4th Fl.
Alexandria, Virginia 22314