Accident description
Last updated: 29 July 2014
Status:
Date:Monday 6 June 1994
Time:08:20
Type:Tupolev 154M
Operator:China Northwest Airlines
Registration: B-2610
C/n / msn: 86A-740
First flight: 1986
Total airframe hrs:12507
Cycles:6651
Engines: 3 Soloviev D-30KU-154-II
Crew:Fatalities: 14 / Occupants: 14
Passengers:Fatalities: 146 / Occupants: 146
Total:Fatalities: 160 / Occupants: 160
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:29 km (18.1 mls) SE of Xian-Xianyang International Airport (XIY) (   China) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Xian-Xianyang International Airport (XIY/ZLXY), China
Destination airport:Guangzhou-Baiyun Airport (CAN/ZGGG), China
Flightnumber:2303
Narrative:
A Tupolev 154M operated by China Northwest Airlines as flight 2303 from Xian (XIY) to Guangzhou (CAN) was destroyed in an accident shortly after takeoff. All 146 passengers and 14 crew members were killed.
The aircraft broke-up in flight and crashed eight minutes after takeoff.


PROBABLE CAUSE: Auto-pilot induced oscillations caused the aircraft to shake violently. It appeared that the autopilot yaw-channel had been connected to the bank control and the bank-channel to the yaw controls. This was done the previous evening 'in the field' rather than in a workshop.

Classification:

Loss of control

Sources:
» Air Safety Week 25 July 1994 (p. 4)
» Flight International 20-26 July 1994


Photos

photo of Tupolev 154M B-2610
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Xian-Xianyang International Airport to Guangzhou-Baiyun Airport as the crow flies is 1318 km (824 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Networkĺs opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Tupolev 154

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