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Last updated: 22 March 2019
Date:Thursday 29 December 1994
Type:Silhouette image of generic B734 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-4Y0
Operator:THY Turkish Airlines
Registration: TC-JES
C/n / msn: 26074/2376
First flight: 1992-09-25 (2 years 3 months)
Engines: 2 CFMI CFM56-3C1
Crew:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 52 / Occupants: 69
Total:Fatalities: 57 / Occupants: 76
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:4 km (2.5 mls) from Van Airport (VAN) (   Turkey)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Ankara-Esenboga Airport (ESB/LTAC), Turkey
Destination airport:Van Airport (VAN/LTCI), Turkey
Flightnumber: 278
Flight TK278 struck a hill at 5700 feet amsl while on a second runway 03 VOR/DME approach in bad weather (900 m visibility, reducing to 300 m in driving snow).

Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

» Scramble 188


photo of Boeing 737-4Y0 TC-JES
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Ankara-Esenboga Airport to Van Airport as the crow flies is 902 km (564 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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