Accident description
Last updated: 31 July 2014
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 16 February 1995
Time:20:27
Type:McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63F
Operator:Air Transport International - ATI
Registration: N782AL
C/n / msn: 45929/367
First flight: 1968
Total airframe hrs:77096
Cycles:22404
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-7 (Q)
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Kansas City International Airport, MO (MCI) (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Ferry/positioning
Departure airport:Kansas City International Airport, MO (MCI/KMCI), United States of America
Destination airport:Springfield-Westover Metro Airport, MA (CEF/KCEF), United States of America
Narrative:
At 20:21 LT the DC-8 prepared to take-off from RWY 01L for a flight to Westover AFB with the no. 1 engine inoperative. But the aircraft lost directional control and the crew aborted the take-off. Six minutes afterwards they attempted to take-off for the second time.
At 980m into the take-off roll the DC-8 started to veer to the left. At 1160m the aircraft rotated with a tail strike but the tail remained in contact with the runway for another 250m. At 1600m the DC-8 finally became airborne and climbed to 30m before crashing into the ground, left wing-first. The wreckage came to a halt at 2300m.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "(1) The loss of directional control by the pilot in command during the takeoff roll, and his decision to continue the takeoff and initiate a rotation below the computed rotation airspeed, resulting in a premature lift-off, further loss of control and collision with the terrain. (2) The flight crew's lack of understanding of the three-engine takeoff procedures, and their decision to modify those procedures. (3) The failure of the company to ensure that the flight crew had adequate experience, training, and rest to conduct the nonroutine flight. Contributing to the accident was the inadequacy of Federal Aviation Administration oversight of Air Transport International and Federal Aviation Administration flight and duty time regulations that permitted a substantially reduced flight crew rest period when conducting a nonrevenue ferry flight under 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91."

Sources:
» Business & Commercial Aviation April 1996(88,94)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 2/96 (#23)
» NTSB/AAR-95/06

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transport Safety Bureau (NTSB) - USA
report status: Final
report number: NTSB/AAR-95-06
report released:30-AUG-1995
duration of investigation:195 days (6.5 months)
download report: Uncontrolled Collision with Terrain Air Transport International Douglas DC-8-63, N782AL Kansas City International Airport Kansas City, Missouri February 16, 1995 (NTSB/AAR-95-06)
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Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 8 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Kansas City International Airport, MO to Springfield-Westover Metro Airport, MA as the crow flies is 1878 km (1173 miles).

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DC-8

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