Accident description
Last updated: 1 September 2014
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 24 May 1995
Time:17:51
Type:Embraer 110P1 Bandeirante
Operator:Knight Air
Registration: G-OEAA
C/n / msn: 110256
First flight: 1980
Total airframe hrs:15348
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 9 / Occupants: 9
Total:Fatalities: 12 / Occupants: 12
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:10 km (6.3 mls) NE of Leeds/Bradford Airport (LBA) (   United Kingdom) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Leeds/Bradford Airport (LBA/EGNM), United Kingdom
Destination airport:Aberdeen-Dyce Airport (ABZ/EGPD), United Kingdom
Flightnumber: 816
Narrative:
Flight NE816 took off from Leeds-Bradford runway 14 at 17:47 LT in stormy weather. Two minutes after take-off the crew reported problems with their artificial horizon. When returning to the airport at 3600 feet the crew had severe problems in maintaining their heading. At 17:51 the aircraft entered a left turn, lost height rapidly and broke up partly before crashing into a farmland. On 15:01.96 the P2 artificial horizon of Bandeirante G-OEAB failed.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The following causal factors were identified:
i) One or, possibly, both of the aircraft's artificial horizons malfunctioned and, in the absence of a standby horizon, for which there was no airworthiness requirement, there was no single instrument available for assured attitude reference or simple means of determining which flight instruments had failed.
ii) The commander, who was probably the handling pilot, was initially unable to control the aircraft's heading without his artificial horizon, and was eventually unable to retain control of the aircraft whilst flying in IMC by reference to other flight instruments.
iii) The aircraft went out of control whilst flying in turbulent instrument meteorological conditions and entered a spiral dive from which the pilot, who was likely to have become spatially disoriented, was unable to recover." (AAIB)

Sources:
» Commuter/Regional Airline News International 29/5/95(1-2)
» Flight International 31.5-6.6.95(13)
» Flight Safety Follow-up action on occurrence report 2/96
» Times 26.5.95(4)

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) - U.K.
report status: Final
report number: AAIB AAR 2/96
download report: Report on the accident to EMB-110 Bandierante, G-OEAA, at Dunkeswick, North Yorkshire on 24 May 1995 (AAIB AAR 2/96)

investigating agency: Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) - U.K.
report status: Final
report number: AAIB AAR 2/1996
download report: Report on the accident to EMB-110 Bandierante, G-OEAA, at Dunkeswick, North Yorkshire on 24 May 1995 (AAIB AAR 2/1996)

Photos

photo of
photo of Embraer 110P1 Bandeirante G-BTAA
G-BTAA was bought by Euroair in January 1994, re-registered to G-OEAA and immediately leased on to Knight Air.
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Leeds/Bradford Airport to Aberdeen-Dyce Airport as the crow flies is 370 km (231 miles).

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