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Accident
Last updated: 18 October 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 8 juin 1995
Heure:19:08
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC93 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
Compagnie:ValuJet Airlines
Immatriculation: N908VJ
Numéro de série: 47321/455
Année de Fabrication: 1969
Heures de vol:630
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7B
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 57
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 62
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: Au décollage (TOF)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Miami International Airport, FL (MIA/KMIA), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 597
Détails:
At about 19:08 EDT Flight VJA 597 (Atlanta-Miami) took off from runway 27R. During the takeoff roll a loud bang was heard, and the crew of a following aircraft informed the ValuJet crew that they had an engine fire.
The takeoff was aborted immediately, but shrapnel form the uncontained engine failure penetrated the right engine main fuel line. A cabin fire erupted from the fuel that was sprayed out of the fuel line. The DC-9 was stopped on the runway, and the occupants evacuated through the forward doors and the over wing exits.
The engine failed due to a fatigue crack that had originated at a small corrosion pit on the 7th stage HP compressor disk. The corrosion had not been detected when the effected part had been inspected during overhaul by THY in 1991.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The failure of Turk Hava Yollari maintenance and inspection personnel to perform a proper inspection of a 7th stage high compressor disk, thus allowing the detectable crack to grow to a length at which the disk ruptured, under normal operating conditions, propelling engine fragments into the fuselage; the fragments severed the right engine main fuel line, which resulted in a fire that rapidly engulfed the cabin area. The lack of an adequate record-keeping system and the failure to use "process sheets" to document the step-by-step overhaul/inspection procedures contributed to the failure to detect the crack and, thus, to the accident."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 2 months
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-96-03
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» Air Safety Week 17.07.1995 (p. 5, 6)
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 17.07.95(35)
» Flight International 26.7 - 1.8.95(11)
» Uncontained Disk Failure in Right Engine of DC-9 During Initial Takeoff Run Results in Rejected Takeoff and Aircraft Evacuation (Flight Safety Foundation - Accident Prevention September 1996)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 2/97 (#82)


Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 15 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 N908VJ
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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA et Miami International Airport, FL est de 953 km (596 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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DC-9-30

  • 662 built
  • 52ème loss
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