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Last updated: 20 November 2018
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 19 July 1995
Time:10:50
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-47A-75-DL (DC-3C)
Operator:N.F. Stadler
Registration: N54NA
C/n / msn: 19475
First flight: 1944
Total airframe hrs:16700
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:near Independence, NY (   United States of America)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Ferry/positioning
Departure airport:Elmira Regional Airport, NY (ELM/KELM), United States of America
Destination airport:Kansas City Downtown Municipal Airport, MO (MKC/KMKC), United States of America
Narrative:
The airplane departed Bennington July 3 on a ferry flight to El Paso. A ferry permit, valid for 10 days, had been issued for the planned flight as the aircraft was being flown for delivery to Jet Air Express Inc.
The airplane landed in Elmira with a no. 2 engine problem, caused by a broken connecting rod. A new engine was installed and on July 18 the right engine was started and a test flight was made. The following day, a second ferry permit was issued and the airplane departed the Elmira-Corning Regional Airport, about 1040 LT. While cruising at 2,500 feet the no. 2 engine backfired. The propeller couldn't be feathered and the pilot couldn't maintain altitude.
At 11:00 LT the right horizontal stabilizer struck a tree about 25 feet above the ground, and the airplane impacted the ground about 100 feet beyond.
The last annual maintenance inspection was performed in 1989. Except for three maintenance flights conducted in June, 1995, the airplane had not flown for 5 years.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The loss of engine power for undetermined reasons, and the pilot's shutdown of the wrong engine, which resulted in a forced landing and collision with trees. "

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 246 days (8 months)
Accident number: NYC95FA167
Download report: Summary report

Sources:
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 28.8.95(6)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 5/95 (#66)
» NTSB


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Elmira Regional Airport, NY to Kansas City Downtown Municipal Airport, MO as the crow flies is 1518 km (949 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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