Accident description
Last updated: 3 September 2014
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 19 October 1996
Time:16:38
Type:McDonnell Douglas MD-88
Operator:Delta Air Lines
Registration: N914DL
C/n / msn: 49545/1444
First flight: 1988
Total airframe hrs:24420
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-219
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 58
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 63
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:New York-La Guardia Airport, NY (LGA) (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL), United States of America
Destination airport:New York-La Guardia Airport, NY (LGA/KLGA), United States of America
Flightnumber: 554
Narrative:
Just before touchdown, after an ILS/DME approach to runway 13, the right wing struck approach lights.
The maingear then struck the runway end and broke off, causing the aircraft to skid down the runway for 2700 feet.
Weather at the time was 800 feet broken ceiling, 0,5mile visibility in fog, a Runway Visual Range of 3000 feet and possible low level windshear.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the inability of the captain, because of his use of monovision contact lenses, to overcome his misperception of the airplane's position relative to the runway during the visual portion of the approach. This misperception occurred because of visual illusions produced by the approach over water in limited light conditions, the absence of visible ground features, the rain and fog, and the irregular spacing of the runway lights.
Contributing to the accident was the lack of instantaneous vertical speed information available to the pilot not flying, and the incomplete guidance available to optometrists, aviation medical examiners, and pilots regarding the prescription of unapproved monovision contact lenses for use by pilots." (NTSB/AAR-97/03)

Sources:
» Aviation Week & Space Technology 26.05.1997 (42,47)
» CNN
» NTSB Identification: NYC97MA005
» NTSB/AAR-97/03
» Scramble 210


Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 13 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA to New York-La Guardia Airport, NY as the crow flies is 1216 km (760 miles).

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