Last updated: 1 February 2015
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:samedi 19 octobre 1996
Type/Sous-type:McDonnell Douglas MD-88
Compagnie:Delta Air Lines
Immatriculation: N914DL
Numéro de série: 49545/1444
Année de Fabrication: 1988
Heures de vol:24420
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-219
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 58
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 63
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:New York-La Guardia Airport, NY (LGA) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:New York-La Guardia Airport, NY (LGA/KLGA), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 554
Just before touchdown, after an ILS/DME approach to runway 13, the right wing struck approach lights.
The maingear then struck the runway end and broke off, causing the aircraft to skid down the runway for 2700 feet.
Weather at the time was 800 feet broken ceiling, 0,5mile visibility in fog, a Runway Visual Range of 3000 feet and possible low level windshear.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the inability of the captain, because of his use of monovision contact lenses, to overcome his misperception of the airplane's position relative to the runway during the visual portion of the approach. This misperception occurred because of visual illusions produced by the approach over water in limited light conditions, the absence of visible ground features, the rain and fog, and the irregular spacing of the runway lights.
Contributing to the accident was the lack of instantaneous vertical speed information available to the pilot not flying, and the incomplete guidance available to optometrists, aviation medical examiners, and pilots regarding the prescription of unapproved monovision contact lenses for use by pilots." (NTSB/AAR-97/03)

» Aviation Week & Space Technology 26.05.1997 (42,47)
» NTSB Identification: NYC97MA005
» NTSB/AAR-97/03
» Scramble 210

Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 13 Safety Recommendations

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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Atlanta-William B. Hartsfield International Airport, GA et New York-La Guardia Airport, NY est de 1216 km (760 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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