Accident
Last updated: 1 November 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 22 mai 1997
Heure:14:38
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B763 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 767-33AER
Compagnie:Alitalia
Immatriculation: I-DEIL
Numéro de série: 28147/611
Année de Fabrication: 1996-04-16 (1 year 1 months)
Heures de vol:4917
Moteurs: 2 General Electric CF6-80C2B6F
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 10
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 158
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 168
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Newark International Airport, NJ (EWR) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique) show on map
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Milano-Malpensa Airport (MXP/LIMC), Italie
Aéroport de destination:Newark International Airport, NJ (EWR/KEWR), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: 600
Détails:
Alitalia Flight 600 was approaching Newark (ERW) runway 04R in gusty crosswind, conditions. The pilot received an onboard wind shear alert about 5 seconds prior to touchdown, and the airplane touched down with a 1.8 G load on the main landing gear, followed 2 seconds later by a 2.8 G spike on the nose landing gear. After touchdown, the first officer, the flying pilot, continued to push the control column forward, and the airplane pitched nose down, as the main landing gear alternately lifted off the ground and the ground spoilers retracted.
Examination of the airplane revealed that the nose landing gear trunnions remained attached to the bulkhead that they were affixed to; however, the bulkhead was torn loose from surrounding structure. There were multiple broken stringers and cracked frames, and wrinkled fuselage skin in the vicinity of the nose landing gear. In addition, hydraulic lines were ripped and hydraulic fluid was sprayed into the electronic equipment bay. The cost of repairs was in excess of $20,000,000 US. The accident flight was the first officer's second trip into Newark, and his first trip without a flight instructor onboard; he had 68 hours of flying experience on the B767. The captain had qualified on the airplane about 1 1/2 months prior to the accident flight.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The improper landing flare by the co-pilot and the inadequate supervision of the flight by the pilot-in-command. Other related factors were the gusty crosswind, windshear, and the lack of familiarity with the airplane by both pilots."

Sources:
» NTSB id NYC97FA098


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Milano-Malpensa Airport et Newark International Airport, NJ est de 6391 km (3994 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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