Accident
Last updated: 1 August 2014
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 7 June 1997
Time:13:50
Type:BAC One-Eleven 525FT
Operator:Tarom
Registration: YR-BCM
C/n / msn: 256
First flight: 1977-08-08 (19 years 10 months)
Total airframe hrs:23901
Cycles:17888
Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce Spey 512-14DW
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 20
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 26
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN) (   Sweden) show on map
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Bucharest-Otopeni International Airport (OTP/LROP), Romania
Destination airport:Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN/ESSA), Sweden
Flightnumber: 335
Narrative:
Flight ROT 335 had been cleared to land on runway 26 at Stockholm-Arlanda airport. The pilots had visual contact with the field and the landing was performed according to visual flying rules (VFR). The approach was normal with occasional turbulence and wind gusts from the south. When the
aircraft was on 8nm final, air-traffic control reported the wind 160°/13 knots. To begin with the aircraft was somewhat above the glide slope but was on the glide slope when it passed the threshold. The touchdown on the runway was in the normal touchdown zone on the left main gear and nose up. Shortly
thereafter came a strong wind gust whereupon the right main gear touched down and the nose gear heavily hit the runway. The commander controlled the aircraft with rudder, reversed the engines and braked lightly. He did not notice anything special in the behavior of the aircraft at that point. When - after the speed had become so low that rudder steering was no longer possible - he reverted to nose wheel steering he noticed that it was not functioning. He continued the light wheel braking but could not prevent the aircraft from veering to the right. He then braked fully but the aircraft continued towards the right runway edge. It left the runway at a speed of around 60 knots out onto the grass field. The retardation was soft and the passengers disembarked through ordinary exit. The aircraft sustained substantial damage and the hulk was moved to Halmstad by Le Caravelle Club as fire trainer.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "The accident was caused by the collapse of the nose gear as a result of overload when the aircraft touched down with its nose wheel first after two bounces. A contributing factor was shortcomings in cockpit’s CRM (Cockpit Resource Management) during the flight."

Sources:

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Statens haverikommission (SHK) - Sweden
report status: Final
report number: SHK Report C 1998:23e
download report: Accident involving aircraft YR-BCM on 7 june 1997 at Stockholm-Arlanda airport, Sweden (SHK Report C 1998:23e)
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Photos

photo of BAC One-Eleven 525FT YR-BCM
photo of BAC One-Eleven 525FT YR-BCM
photo of BAC One-Eleven 525FT YR-BCM
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bucharest-Otopeni International Airport to Stockholm-Arlanda Airport as the crow flies is 1752 km (1095 miles).

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