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Accident description
Last updated: 22 August 2017
Date:Friday 26 September 1997
Type:Silhouette image of generic A30B model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A300B4-220
Operator:Garuda Indonesia Airways
Registration: PK-GAI
C/n / msn: 214
First flight: 1982-10-06 (15 years)
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-59A
Crew:Fatalities: 12 / Occupants: 12
Passengers:Fatalities: 222 / Occupants: 222
Total:Fatalities: 234 / Occupants: 234
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:32 km (20 mls) S of Medan-Polonia Airport (MES) (   Indonesia)
Crash site elevation: 290 m (951 feet) amsl
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK/WIII), Indonesia
Destination airport:Medan-Polonia Airport (MES/WIMM), Indonesia
Flight GA152 (Jakarta-Medan) was cleared for an ILS approach to Medan runway 05 and was flying on a 316deg heading on Airway 585/W12. Having descended to 3000 feet the crew were instructed to turn left heading 240deg for vectoring to intercept the runway 05 ILS. At 13:28 the flight was instructed to continue on a 215deg heading and descend to 2000 feet. At 13:30 ATC directed the flight to turn right heading 046 and report when establishing the localizer. Confusion on the part of the air traffic controller followed over whether GA152 was turning left or right. Just 10 seconds after confirming the right turn, the Airbus crashed in a wooded area, broke up and burst into flames. The wreckage covered a 150x75 m area near the village of Pancur Batu, which is located at 900-1000 m amsl.
The region was affected by smog from forest fires; visibility was reported to be 600-800 m.

Low visibility

Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

» Aviation Week & Space Technology 06 October 1997 (40-41)
» Flight International 8-14 October 1997 (10)
» Kompas


photo of Airbus A300B4-220 PK-GAI
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport to Medan-Polonia Airport as the crow flies is 1389 km (868 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Airbus A300

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  • 16th loss
  • 6th fatal accident
  • 3rd worst accident (at the time)
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