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Accident
Last updated: 13 December 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 24 décembre 1997
Heure:22:48
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B752 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 757-2K2
Compagnie:Transavia Airlines
Immatriculation: PH-TKC
Numéro de série: 26635/608
Année de Fabrication: 1994
Heures de vol:13629
Cycles:4645
Moteurs: 2 Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 8
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 205
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 213
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Amsterdam-Schiphol Airport (AMS) (   Pays-Bas)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:Las Palmas-Airport de Gran Canaria (LPA/GCLP), Espagne
Aéroport de destination:Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport (AMS/EHAM), Pays-Bas
Numéro de vol: 462
Détails:
The crew of the aircraft executed an autopilot coupled ILS approach for runway 19R at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol under strong and gusty wind conditions (at 600 feet the FMS read wind 240deg at 50 kts). The autopilot was disconnected at approximately 100 feet in order to make a manual landing. The aircraft touched down hard with its right main landing gear first. When the nose gear touched down hard with the aircraft in a crab angle, the nosegear doghouse broke out of the nose section and rotated backwards. The collapse of the doghouse resulted in serious damage to the electric/electronic systems and several flight- and engine control cables. The aircraft slid down the runway for approximately 3 km, veered to the right and came to rest in the grass. The passenger evacuation was initiated by the cabin crew and all occupants of the cabin left the aircraft via the escape slides. The cockpit crew evacuated the aircraft via the opened cockpit side windows. A small fire at the left inner brake units was quickly extinguished by the airport fire brigade.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "i) Runway allocation system at Schiphol Airport resulted in strong crosswind conditions
for the landing runway in use.; ii) By the omission to state clear and definite crosswind limitations in the Transavia Operations Manual a defence barrier against unsafe operations was lost.; iii) Non calculation and/or discussion of crosswind component resulted in continuing the approach in adverse weather conditions.; iv) Disconnect of the auto pilot in the align mode under the existing wind conditions
resulted in an out of trim condition of the aircraft.; v) The low altitude of the auto pilot disconnect in relation to the existing wind conditions allowed the pilot insufficient time to gain complete control of the aircraft which resulted in a hard traversing landing.; vi) The hard nose-wheel touch down exceeding the certified design limits resulted in a failure of the nose gear construction."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: RvTV
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 11 months
Accident number: Report 97-75/A-26
Download report: Final report


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Las Palmas-Airport de Gran Canaria et Amsterdam-Schiphol International Airport est de 3163 km (1977 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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