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Last updated: 28 March 2017
Datum:Montag 9 Februar 1998
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-223
Fluggesellschaft:American Airlines
Kennzeichen: N845AA
Werknummer: 20986/1125
Baujahr: 1975-05-06 (22 years 10 months)
Triebwerk: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9A
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 6
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 115
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 121
Sachschaden: schwer beschädigt
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD) (   USA)
Flugphase: Annäherung (APR)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Kansas City International Airport, MO (MCI/KMCI), USA
Flug nach:Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL (ORD/KORD), USA
American Airlines Flight 1340 crashed short of the runway while on a coupled instrument landing system (ILS) category II approach to runway 14R at Chicago-O’Hare. The approach was normal until the airplane passed through 200 feet above ground level (agl), where the airplane started a pitch oscillation that grew in time. The airplane descended below the ILS glide slope, then climbed above it, and finally descended below it again, impacting the ground 300 feet short of the runway threshold. Upon impact, the airplane slid over the threshold and then off the right side of the runway, where it came to rest..
The weather at the time of the approach was ceiling overcast at 100 feet, 1/2-mile visibility in freezing fog, temperature and dew point were 28 degrees F. The runway 14R RVR was 1,400 feet variable 1800 feet.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The failure of the flight crew to maintain a proper pitch attitude for a successful landing or go-around. Contributing to the accident were the divergent pitch oscillations of the airplane, which occurred during the final approach and were the result of an improper autopilot desensitization rate."



NTSB issued 7 Safety Recommendations

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photo of Boeing 727-223 N845AA
American Airlines B727-223 N845AA following the accident; Photo By Michael F. McLaughlin / MikePhotos Airliner Images
photo of Boeing 727-223 N845AA
photo of Boeing 727-223 N845AA
photo of Boeing 727-223 N845AA
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Kansas City International Airport, MO to Chicago-O'Hare International Airport, IL as the crow flies is 643 km (402 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 727

  • 79th loss
  • 48th Fataler Unfall
  • 1832 built
  • 49th worst accident (Zu diesem Zeitpunkt)
  • 61st worst accident (Momentan)
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