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Last updated: 23 October 2017
Datum:maandag 20 april 1998
Type:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-230
Operator:TAME Ecuador
On behalf of:Air France
Registratie: HC-BSU
Constructienummer: 21622/1431
Bouwjaar: 1979-01-03 (19 years 4 months)
Aantal vlieguren:34586
Aantal vluchten:26475
Motoren: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-15
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 10 / inzittenden: 10
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 43 / inzittenden: 43
Totaal:slachtoffers: 53 / inzittenden: 53
Schade: Vernield
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:10 km (6.3 mijl) SW of Bogotá-Eldorado Airport (BOG) (   Colombia)
Fase: Kruisvlucht (ENR)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Bogotá-Eldorado Airport (BOG/SKBO), Colombia
Vliegveld van aankomst:Quito-Mariscal Sucre Airport (UIO/SEQU), Ecuador
A Boeing 727 passenger plane, HC-BSU, was destroyed when it flew into the side of a mountain near Bogotá, Colombia. All 53 on board were killed.
The airplane had been wet-leased by Air France from TAME Ecuador, a commercial division of the Ecuadorian Air Force. The flight crew regularly flew the Bogota-Quito-Bogota route as the final leg of Air France's scheduled flight AF422 from Paris. Air France operated Airbus A340s on the Paris-Bogota leg, but demand on the Quito leg was too weak for use of such a high-capacity transport.
Flight AF422 took off from runway 13 at Bogotá after being cleared for a 'Girardot 1' departure. This departure consist of continuing on runway heading for 2 miles after takeoff, followed by a 90-degree right turn over the 'Romeo' beacon. The flight didn't make the right turn and continued straight ahead.
At 16:47 the aircraft crashed into the side of the 3.100 m (10.170 ft) high Cerro el Cable mountain, 150 feet below the summit. This is 500 m (1640 ft) above airfield elevation).
Rain showers were in the area at the time with a broken ceiling at 2300 feet and towering cumulus clouds. Temperature was 18deg. C and winds were from 270 deg at 5kts.
On August 27, 1973 a Lockheed L-188A Electra (HK-777, Aerovias Condor) had also crashed into the Cerro el Cable after takeoff from Bogotá.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE (translated from original Spanish report):
The loss of situational awareness by the crew, which led to the failure to comply with the GIR 1 departure, deviating from the procedure to maintain runway heading after takeoff until it collided with terrain.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: Aerocivil
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report

» Aviation Week & Space Technology 27.04.1998 (45)
» ICAO Adrep Summary 3/98 (#14)


Aerocivil issued 21 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations


photo of Boeing 727-230 D-ABKS
D-ABKS was sold to TAME after being in service with Lufthansa for 14 years.
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft

Aircraft history
date registration operator remarks
03 JAN 1979 D-ABKS Lufthansa
09 SEP 1993 HC-BSU TAME Ecuador

Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Bogotá-Eldorado Airport en Quito-Mariscal Sucre Airport bedraagt 719 km (450 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 727

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  • 81e ongeval
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  • 8e zwaarste ongeval (toen het plaatsvond)
  • 10e zwaarste ongeval (op dit moment)
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