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Accident
Last updated: 11 December 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 12 janvier 1999
Heure:17:06
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fokker F-27 Friendship 600
Compagnie:Channel Express
Immatriculation: G-CHNL
Numéro de série: 10508
Année de Fabrication: 1975-02-24 (23 years 11 months)
Moteurs: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 0
Total:victimes: 2 / à bord: 2
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands (GCI) (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Cargo
Aéroport de départ:London-Luton Airport (LTN/EGGW), Royaume Uni
Aéroport de destination:Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands (GCI/EGJB), Royaume Uni
Détails:
The Fokker F-27 was operating on a cargo flight to Guernsey, carrying newspapers. The aircraft departed Luton at 16:14. and climbed to cruising altitude FL150 / 160). The descent was begun at about 60 miles from Guernsey Airport and the aircraft was vectored onto final approach by Jersey Radar. The approach checklist was actioned and the flaps were lowered to 16° just before the aircraft was turned to intercept the ILS localizer. With less than six miles to run to the threshold the commander told the first officer that he could see the runway and was content to continue the approach visually. The first officer informed ATC that they wished to continue the approach visually; they were given the appropriate clearance and control of the aircraft was then handed over to Guernsey Tower. Initially the aerodrome controller cleared the aircraft to continue the approach (there was departing traffic on the runway) and the commander called for flaps to 26° followed by the landing checklist. About one minute later the commander said "three whites" (meaning that he was aware that the aircraft was slightly high on the glide path indicated by the precision approach path indicator lights) which the first officer acknowledged. The commander then said "ok the decision is to land, speed below one four four, flaps forty". The first officer acknowledged the instruction to select flaps to 40° and announced "running". There followed a pause of about five seconds before the first officer said, "flaps fourty gear and clearance you have - oops". The commander then said, in an anxious tone of voice "ok flaps twenty six" and the engines could be heard accelerating on the cockpit voice recording. There then followed a number of expletives from the commander interspersed with some loud clicks as controls or switches were operated and the sound of a warning horn which stopped before the end of the recording. On approach the aircraft had lost control, attaining a nose-high attitude. The plane stalled, clipped a house on Forest Road with its left wing and ploughed into a field short of the runway.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The investigation identified the following causal factors: (i) The aircraft was operated outside the load and balance limitations; (ii) Loading distribution errors went undetected because the load sheet signatories did not reconcile the cargo distribution in the aircraft with the load and balance sheet.; (iii) The crew received insufficient formal training in load management."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 2 months
Accident number: AAIB AAR 2/2000
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» SKYbrary 


Opérations de secours
Seven safety recommendations were issued;

- 4 to the Channel Express company a.o. to modify operating procedures regarding loading of cargo; cargo loading instructions; personnel training; and to review the quality system to meet JAR-OPS requirements.

- 1 to the Airside Safety Management Working Group to encourage handling agents to ask for written loading instructions when loading cargo on to unfamiliar aircraft types;

- 1 to the CAA to require certain aircraft to be modified to enable the recording of pitch attitude, roll attitude and engine thrust;

- 1 to the CAA and JAA to review the appropriate Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR) with a view to requiring that pitch attitude, roll attitude and engine thrust is recorded on all aircraft which carry an FDR.

AAIB issued 7 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of Fokker F-27 Friendship 600 OY-SRZ
OY-SRZ was bought by Channel Express in March 1995.
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre London-Luton Airport et Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands est de 311 km (195 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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